THE MORMON HOUSE
Written by Max Edward (Great Grandson of Bettie Jane Balance Aycock) and Sonia Peterson Aycock
December 2004 When he was only sixteen years old, my grandfather, Robert Edward Lee Aycock, left his home north of Goldsboro, N.C. in the small farming village of Nahunta and went almost 2,500 miles to Utah with the Mormon missionary, Elder Lewis Swensen, who had baptized him. He faced great difficulties.
In 1899 small western settlements were widely scattered and were separated by thousands of square miles of wilderness. Until the day he died, he was unable to dress, talk, or think like a Westerner. Even some of his children made fun of his Southern ways. Further, the boy was hardly mature enough to understand his Southern heritage, let alone to explain it to indifferent strangers or to pass it along to his offspring.
Consequently, my wife Sonia Peterson Aycock and I are in Nahunta trying to learn about the Aycock family by restoring the house that Grandad's great grandfather Barnes built for his bride, Charity Pike Aycock, sometime in the 1840s. Not until I learned about the house that my great-grandfather Barnes Aycock had built and in which he died (the same house in which my great-grandfather Thomas Ruffin Aycock had been born and died, and the same house in which my grandfather Robert Edward Lee Aycock had been born) did I began to understand how I am connected to my family, to this country, and to the Church.
While we "chopped" corn under the hot Utah sun, Grandad Aycock grew weary of my complaining and told me about the difficulties of growing up in North Carolina. During the time that Grandad's mother, Bettie Jane Ballance Aycock, was expecting their eighth child, Thomas and Bettie were investigating The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Mormons.1
Interest in the Mormon faith increasingly isolated Grandad's young family from the extended Aycock and Ballance families. Anti-Mormon feelings were extreme. While mob violence did not end in the loss of life in North Carolina, six deaths did occur between 1879 and 1900 in other Southern states. And in 1906 a mob burned down a recently completed Mormon church building about 100 miles north east of The Mormon House on Harkers Island, N.C.2 Thomas and Bettie allowed Mormon missionaries to hold meetings at the house, causing the neighboring children and adults alike to rebuff the family.
Furthermore, in December 1897, just two months before the baby Alma was born, Thomas Ruffin died of Bright's Disease. Over the next two years Bettie and four of her children, including my grandfather, joined the Mormon Church. As the three other living children turned eight years old, they too became members. Slowly, straightening from his bent position over the row of greening corn, removing his felt, sweat-stained hat, Grandpa first wiped his forehead and then the back of his neck with his dirty handkerchief. I can still smell the sour, sweaty hat and handkerchief. Tears ran down his nose, and in a quivering voice he explained to me that he was not mature enough to handle the pressures.
At fourteen and the oldest in the family,3 he tried to shoulder the responsibly for the farm; the strained relations with the extended families and community he took personally.
During an argument with a hired man, he went to the house for the family's rifle. Great Grandma too was feeling the stress. In December of 1999 she dressed him in knickers so that he got a cheaper train fair and sent him with Elder Swensen to Utah, more than 2,000 miles from his ancestral home. Consequently, I grew up without any more knowledge of the house than what Grandad told me as we worked. I was to learn much more over the years.
In February 1848 Barnes Aycock4, brought his new wife, Charity Pike5, to live in the house he had built-a large house for that time of almost 1,500 sq. feet. All of the Barnes and Charity's children were born here. In time the house was willed to their youngest child, Thomas Ruffin6 Aycock. Thomas Ruffin married Betty Jane balance7 in Feb. 1883, and their eight children, including my grandfather Robert Edward Lee Aycock, were born in the house. It became Alma's, Thomas and Bettie's youngest, when she married William Walter Harper in 1921. Six Harper children were also born here.
The Harper family sold the house along with some land in 1960 to someone outside of the family. The new owners rented to a number of different tenants who made changes as needed without regard for its structural integrity or its significance to local Mormon and Aycock family history. When no longer habitable by "modern" standards, the house was used to store all sorts of things: used furniture and appliances, farm and yard equipment that dripped oil on the beautiful 8" wide heart-pine board floors.
For several years, one of the owners stored hay in the house, and his cows in search of food climbed onto the front porch and broke through the flooring. The enclosed back porch began to leak. Eventually, water damaged it beyond repair. Wild animals also began to use it: mice, rats, snakes, opossums, raccoons, spiders, crickets, but no termites because of the resin filled heart-pine. Trees and vines forced their way through the cracks. Hurricane Hazel in the 1950s blew one of the chimneys down, and in the 1990s Hurricane Floyd tore the tin sheeting off the roof.
The 1890s and early years of the Twentieth Century were years of unusual growth in the Church. Wallace R. Draughon says, "Whereas less than 500 baptisms had been recorded in North Carolina Conference prior to 1895, nearly 3,000 persons were baptized during the 1896-1900 period."8 The house figured prominently in this growth and became labeled in the small local neighborhood of Nahunta, North Western Wayne County as The Mormon House. Because Bettie Jane after Thomas' death could not turn to his family, to hers, or to any of the neighbors for help or comfort, she and her children sought the safety of the Mormon missionaries and the new, growing local Church membership. In doing so, she was challenging the cultural proprieties of those around her. Certainly this behavior did not endear the fragile Aycock family to the neighborhood, but only strengthened the resolve of the local Baptists, Methodists, and Quakers to alienate Bettie and her young family further.
Some warnings seemed kindly enough. A neighbor heard that Bettie was about to be baptized. She wrote: Words are inadequate to express my feelings but I beg you for the safety and happiness of your family and the love you bear your children, to pause, be not hasty, but wait until you learn more of these people with whom you contemplate connecting yourself. I know but very little but what I do know is contrary to the teaching of Christ. I refer you to Mark 10th Chapter, 8th verse please read 'And they twain shall be one flesh.' If they are true to their faith they cannot deny a belief in and a practice in polygamy or plurality of wives. Twain means two and not a dozen or perhaps more for Brigham Young their leader had sixty wives. You, in your woman's soul must know what that means.9
Other behaviors, echoing this message and threat, were downright malicious. A neighbor wrote to the local school board that because Bettie was known to keep the company of polygamists, she was not a virtuous woman. Such behavior, the writer argued, was proof that The Mormon House was not a fit place for school teachers to room and board; the school board should, therefore, deny Bettie the small income she was able to earn this way. Only one man at the meeting defended Bettie's virtue. His words, alone, kept the board from publicly acting against Bettie.10 Conference President Simmons in response to an accusation made by a Baptist minister complained in September 1922 to North Carolina Governor Glenn with, "Have the Mormons at anytime shipped a carload of women from Chattanooga (The Southern States Mission headquarters was at that time in Tennessee.) to Utah?" The response after more than 75 years of Mormon proselyting was, "No, not yet!"11
More than fifty years after Bettie's death an elderly neighbor woman assured me that Bettie's association with Mormon missionaries had been "strictly chaste." A letter surviving 105 years is a testament to how much comfort Bettie needed and how soothing its words were to her. From Varina, Wake County, North Carolina Elder David Elton made an effort to console her: I continually invoke heaven's peace and blessings upon your head, for I realize the many difficulties you have to contend with, in raising a family, without the strong arm of a loving and dutiful husband to lean upon. Though you may be afflicted, and everything looks dark and drear, -rest assured that God is your helper, and that His angels hover around you, to shield you from all harm. If we had not stormy weather, we should not appreciate the sunshine, so let us battle with the storms of persecution, that we may more fully enjoy the calms of Life Everlasting in the realms of Eternal glory, where sorrows have an end. The Lord will hear the cries of His oppressed sons and daughters, and answer their prayers. Nevertheless He seeth fit to chasten His people; yea he trieth their patience and their faith. The Gospel is God's loving, kindly message to his erring children, and those who want to be kind to themselves will accept the same, and be numbered with the faithful." 12
Features of the house made it a perfect stopping and gathering place for the Mormon missionaries as well as other new Church members who were looking for physical and spiritual shelter. It is centrally located between the railroad stop at Princeton and the one at Pikeville, and about half way between Goldsboro and Kenly. Barnes had built the house to make the visits of travelers at night particularly welcome. Two porch bedrooms did not open into the house, but from the front porch only. Travelers who passed at night on the lonely country roads often spent the night in these bedrooms without disturbing the rest of the family. After breakfast with the family, the traveler could be on his way.
A full-length loft allowed at least ten missionaries at a time to sleep on the wide bare heart-pine floor. The loosely organized group of Mormons usually held Sunday services at Radford Crossroads in the Meadow Meeting House, but Bettie's need for contact with other Church members kept her door always open for chance meetings, "cottage discussions," and District Conferences. Mormon missionaries knew that Bettie in spite of the harm it did to her reputation and the threat to her safety would always welcome, feed, and house them. During the time Ben E. Rich was Mission President, "Bettie's home was the office for the North Carolina District."13
The journals of missionaries from 1899 until Bettie's death in 1926 suggest how central this house was in missionary activities:
25 August 1898: "Borrowed Sister Bettie Jane Aycocks horse and wagon and drove to Eureka." - ”Lewis Swensen
11 March 1900: "We went to Mrs. Bettie Aycock's where we had a meeting and I was the speaker." Many years latter while writing his autobiography, Brother Sullivan says: "Sister Aycock's home was always open for a meeting place, and we had many fine meetings there." -”James H. Sullivan15
14 July 1909: "Walked two miles to the home of Sister Bettie Aycock where we spent the remainder of the day with them."-S. Daniel Peterson
26 July 1909: "We walked 8 miles to the home of Sister Bettie Aycocks arriving just before night. We spent the night and next day at her home. The treatment at her home, table, grub and all make an Elder feel that he is right at home." -S. Daniel Peterson
2 December 1911: "Arrived at the home of Sister Aycock. Saturday we washed, pressed and shaved, and Sunday we held a sacramental and testimony meeting which was well attended, also blessed the little babe of Bro. And Sister Ralph Aycock. Gave it the name of Wilton Glenn. Spent the night at Sister Aycock's singing gospel songs and trying to learn Gospel passages. Monday morning was raining when we wakened and continued all day so are still at the Elders home. (Sister Aycock's) We spent a pleasant evening there and next morning Herman Aycock left for a mission to Virginia ." - S. Daniel Peterson
5 June 1911: "We held a cottage meeting at the home of Sister Bettie Aycock, a fairly good crowd was present." -S. Daniel Peterson
11 Sept. 1911: "I then carried Pres. Francom three mi. farther in Bro. Radford's outfit to the home of Sister Bettie Aycock where he met Elder James A. Martinsen and they traveled together." -S. Daniel Peterson
19 Nov. 1911: "We walked two miles to the home of Sister Bettie Aycock where at 10:30 A. M. in the presence of a room full of relatives and friends I officiated in the ordinance which united in the holy bonds of matrimony Bro. Charley Maples and Bertha Aycock. -S. Daniel Peterson
The Mormon House was a refuge for missionaries through the tenures of three mission presidents: Ben E. Rich, Ephraim H. Nye, and Charles A. Callis. Furthermore and more important to me, Bettie's love of the gospel was to have a significant influence on the growth of the Mormon Church in Eastern North Carolina. The informal and sporadic meetings at the house eventually became the Nahunta Branch.
Consequently, in the early 1940s Bettie's grandchildren donated the land and materials and also helped to build a church just a Vi mile from the house. And Herman Barnes Aycock, Bettie's second son, became the first Branch President in Nahunta. In 1954 this congregation joined with the Grantham and the Goldsboro Branches to form the Goldsboro District. The second District President from 1949 to 1961 was Bettie's grandson Elbert Anthony Aycock;17 the district authorities dissolved the Nahunta Branch in 1957 and the congregation along with several other small branches moved to Goldsboro; the current bishop in the Goldsboro First Ward is Rex Howard, the husband of Bettie's great grand daughter.
HISTORY OF HERMAN BARNES AYCOCK
by Herman Barnes Aycock
(from Barnes and Charity Aycock website)
My father and mother was married 1 February 1883, and on 31 January 1887 there was a boy born to them and they named him Herman Barnes Aycock. I being the third child, and I was told by my parents that I was delicate. The chances of being raised to full maturity was slim. I stayed small for a long time.
The school in those days was very poor, and by the time for me to get my schooling, the county had built a school building at Nahunta, opposite to where the building is now. It was burned down and the nearest school building was at Pinkney, so there was where I got my first schooling. The county school board, which my father was one, got together and built a one room building that seated 75 or 80. Only one teacher taught there. That’s where I got my schooling.
I don’t remember very much of my father only he was a stout man and weighed 180 lbs. He was a working man and taken interest in improving things and had a great interest in his family. He was taken sick and his sickness was quite sever. He did not get over it and died 3 December 1897, leaving 6 children (4 boys and 2 girls). The oldest girl died in infancy, born 26 September 1888 and died 22 December 1888. My younger sister Alma was born after my father died on 8 February 1989.
We children being young had to take over with the farming. My father left a debt of $1,000 in land he bought from Uncle Albert Aycock. We, with our good mother’s help, managed to pay off the debt and purchase more land later on.
The missionaries (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) had been visiting the home before our father died. They continued to meet with us in the home, and my mother joined the Church. She was baptized on 29 November 1898. The persecutions were quite strong. The teacher sent a note home by way of the children warning her not to be baptized. I was baptized on 30 April 1899. Ralph and Robert was baptized 14 September 1899. The rest of the children were baptized as they came of age.
My oldest brother, Robert, went West with Elder Swinson (Swenson) to his home. Robert made his home there. Then Ralph and I carried on with the farm work and provided for the family. We go along very well and bought some more land. Along in the year of 1900 I went West with Ba . . . and Luther Radford to see my brother Robert. I stayed a few months and came back. My brother Ralph was going with Azzie Barden and they were married on 7 November 1909.
I took over the farming for the year. Then I was called on a mission and accepted it and was ordained an Elder and set apart for the Virginia mission on 26 November 1910 at the conference at Kinston. I left home to go on the mission on 6 December and went to Peterburg, VA. and stayed in the office and went tracting a few days, then went down the coast and met my companion Elder Sprag. . . and had quite some experiences. One experience I remember very well was we were looking for a place to stay and had been refused several times. We knelt in the woods and prayed. After, we went the opposite way we had planned and went to a house. They had a sick daughter; she had been in bed for sever days. In talking to the parents the subject came up about healing by the laying on of hands. They asked us to administer to the girl. We did. But it was not convenient for them to keep us so we went to the next house. We had a nice bed and a good night’s rest. The next morning we went back to see how the daughter was doing and found that she was up and eating breakfast. Her parents said she had not been up for several days. We had a good talk with the family and then went on our way.
Another experience: We had traveled all day and it was getting late in the evening, so my companion, Elder Thompson, was getting tired. He ask me if I would go up the hill to the house and ask for entertainment for the night. When I got up there, it was a small store. There was several men in there, so I told them who I was and that my companion and I would like a place to spend the night. Of course it was not convenient for any one to keep us, so I went back to my companion. I asked him if he thought he could go up the hill to this house. He thought he could, so we walked up the hill to the house. I saw that the man was at the store. Of course, Elder Thompson told who we were and our mission and ask if there was a chance of spending the night. The man put up an excuse. My companion sat down on his grip and said he was not going any further till he got something to eat, so I sat on my grip. We sat there awhile and talked. They finally took us in and gave us a good supper and a good night’s rest. We had breakfast the next morning and we were on our way.
A few nights after that, we were not quite so lucky; we traveled a lot, asking every place until it was late. We decided to take our rest in a bunch of small pines by the side of the road and had a pretty good night’s rest. We were able to get breakfast the next morning, so we went on our way. We did not have much success thereafter, as I was in a county where the Elders was driven out of the country a few years before. We were the first ones back in there. A few nights after this, we were unsuccessful in finding a place to spend the night. It had been raining that day. The ground was wet, so we traveled till we found a house beside the road. It was a church house, so we went in and slept on the benches. The next morning we were lucky to get breakfast.
This is just a few of the experiences I had while I was on my mission. I received my release from the mission 23 December 1912. I arrived home on the 24th.
When I came home from my mission, there were colored folks living in the Radford house, and mama had advanced them quite a bit of money. It added up to be a lot by the time the crops were housed, but we got straight with them, by me taking one of the mules allowed $365.00. A hired hand helped me work and we tended the land with the team for three years and made very good crops.
At the same time I corresponded with a girl in VA. That did not last very long; however, at the same time I was corresponding wing a girl at Colifax. We corresponded quite a while and finally was engaged, but she wanted to marry someone near her home, so we broke up. I went to see Hilder Harper who lived in Duplin Co. We finally decided we could live together, so we were married 19 October 1916, and on that day it rained the most I have ever seen. Elder Oliverson married us. He and I left here (Nahunta) that morning about noon and it slacked up some. We drove a Model T Ford down there, which was 43 miles. The roads was ruff–the water was up to the foot board. We got there in time and was married and came back that evening and had a reception. We lived with my mother until the old Radford house was clear. Then we moved there and tended the land and had Charlie Aycock live with us and help me work.
We were going along very well; however, the U.S. declared war with Germany, and I was the first the President drawed out, so I was drafted in the army 20 September 1917. I was sent to Fort Jackson, and was stationed there for eight months. My wife stayed part of the time at Sister Jorden’s, and I could get a pass once in a while and be with her. It became time to fill the Thirty Army (Division?), so they could be sent over seas. They took some of our men and put them in the Thirty Division. Then they moved us near Greenville to Camp Sevear and filled our outfit with new recruits, so my wife moved to Greenville. It was hard to get a pass to Greenville, so my wife got boarding in the country not too far from camp. We were in Greenville about two months, but a week or two before we were to leave my wife go sick. I went back and forth at night to see her. My captain was good to let me have the pass at that time. My wife had a miscarriage; it would have been a boy.
The day before the military company I was with were to leave they gave me a pass to bring my wife home. As we left Greenville there was a wreck on the road between Greenville and Greensboro, so we missed connections and had to spend the night in Greensboro. When I reached Princeton, the train that I was to take back had left, so I brought her on home and took the next train back to the camp.
That delayed the outfit from pulling out. So I got back in time to go with them to New York the next day. We spent a few days there. One night we taken the English ship for our trip. It was in a convoy of 18 ships, including one battle ship and one sub. We were on the water 13 days and we landed in Liverpool, England. We went across England on the train and went Across the English Channel.
We were in reserve for a while. Then we were put on guard up at the front for ten days. Then we dropped back. On the morning of 9 November, ON THAT LONG DRIVE, wading in water at night, we camped out and started the next morning on the drive. We were contacted by machine (probably machine gun fire or tanks or both) next, and about night we were relived by another outfit. We dropped back, pitched tents, and got orders to remain there for further orders. At 11:00 O’clock everything got quite on the front, so we remained there for a few days. Then we started on the long trip back through France.
We were there waiting for transportation back to the U.S.A., but during that time the flue was real bad in the U.S.A., and my brother Ralph died on 1 February 1919. The people back in North Carolina got a special discharge for me to come home, so I started the next day going from place to place till I got up with a bunch of casel outfit. After going through all of the inspecting, I finally boarded the boat that was taken from the Germans. It didn’t have enough balster (ballast) in it, so when we struck a storm we rode up and down, but after the 13th day we landed in New York. I was discharged 28 May 1919. I came home on the train to Pikeville and got someone to bring me home (about 8 miles). The next day I went down in Duplin Co. where my wife was, as she had been staying with her mother.
We stayed with my mother till 1 January and then moved into our house. We had only three rooms finished, and we finished others in our spare time. We bought two mules and paid $400.00 for one and $365.00 for the other one and went farming. By the time we had anything to sell, everything had hit bottom and things were cheap. I invested $1,700 in stock that I paid for which was not worth the paper it was written on. If my creditors had closed out on me, I would have lost everything I had. Along that time we had a baby born and we named him Denzel Wrenn Aycock. He was born 30 October 1921. We kept farming and paying interest and raising tobacco, cotton, corn, and chickens and eggs.
On 10 January 1924 a still-born baby was borned, which grieved us very much. On 24 July 1926 another one of our children were born, and we named her Dimple Aycock. On 5 November 1927 another one of our children was born and we named him Reed Vance Aycock. We were very proud of him. He was such a sweet and good child, but he was taken sick and didn’t stay with us very long. He died 24 July 1928. All was done for him that layed in our power. The Dr. stayed with him until about the last. He said that he had what people called Typhoid Fever. His temperature, just before he died, was 107 degrees.
We continued farming and struggling for lifehood. Then on 8 December 1929 another one of our children were born and we named her Delma. And this child before she was a year old had taken the Hooping Cough. She also had Double Pneumonia and was sick a long time. Dr. Smith was tending to her and he received a trained nurse to help out. Dr. Smith had to go to a meeting to the Wester States, so the next morning the nurse told me the baby was worse and needed attention. I went to Goldsboro to see it I could get the baby a specialist. The doctor was out, and I talked to his nurse. She said that she could not tell me when he would be back. I left word with her to have him come out to examine the baby. Dr. Crawford got there first and had her examined. By the time he was through, the Dr. from Goldsboro came in. The doctor from Goldsboro examined her. After he got through, the two doctors counseled. They came to the decision to make a pollis (poultice) made of flax seed and other things, which I don’t recall.
On 12 October 1942 Denzel Aycock was drafted in the Army, and that year we built the chapel, and along about that time we took Clifton Bell to raise, and about two years later we took his brother Braxton Bell to raise. That same year Denzel got his discharge. Clifton was born 23 November 1940 and Braxton was born 13 October 1942.
On 1 December 1946 Denzel, Helen, Delma, Mama (Hilda) left for Salt Lake City. There we met Dimple. All went through the Temple, and Denzel and Helen were married in the Temple. Mama and I were sealed to each other and all of the children were sealed to us. We also had our Patriarchal Blessing by Frank B. Woolburg on 6 December 1946. We visited around for a week and came back and had not car trouble. We had only a flat tire. The night of our arrival, Mama and I started after the boys. There were at the edge of the Duplin line. We had a wreck which damaged the car; it cost $500 to get it fixed. I had two broken ribs and Mama scared up her face a bit. Sister Ebbe Smith and husband brought us from town to home. We soon recovered and things went along very well for a while.
We got a chance to go out West again with Marland Harper and wife. We had a nice trip. We stayed with our daughters and had a nice visit. We went through a sealing session in the temple. It was quite an expense. We met a lot of our friends there is Salt Lake. Carl and Dimple brought us back home.
This information was collected from Bertha A. Maples, Beatrice A. Harper, Herman Barnes Aycock and William Walter Harper:
Bettie Jane Ballance was the first child of Robert Daniel Ballance and Nancy Collier. She was born in Johnson County, Kenly, North Carolina, January 21, 1862. Robert Daniel Ballance owned approximately 1000 acres of land in Johnston County and wanted his daughter to live on his land at the time of her marriage.
She received her early schooling with neighbor children in one of the homes which was taught by a “hired” teacher. Her later schooling was received in Pinkney, Wayne County, North Carolina where because of her distance she boarded with the Michael Edgerton family. She helped with the housework in exchange for her board. They had a large family of boys so there was lots to do.
On February 1, 1883, Bettie married Thomas Ruffin Aycock in Kenly, North Carolina. Thomas’ father, Barnes Aycock had traded his land between Pikeville and Goldsboro, North Carolina for the land which is presently owned by Beatrice A. Harper, Bertha A. Maples, Herman Barnes Aycock, W.W. Harper and Frank Overman. Barnes built a home here. It was here that Thomas took his bride. Here they reared their family.
In November of 1898, Bettie was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Prior to her husband’s death the December before, he had investigated the church. It was he who invited the missionaries to their home. On the day of her baptism Bettie sent a note to the children’s teacher asking that they be excused from school that afternoon to see the baptism. The teacher wrote back a letter which expressed her feelings quite vividly. She said she would as soon see someone turned over to a pack of wolves as see her baptized a member of such a church. She felt it her duty to warn her of this awful thing. Nevertheless, Bettie was baptized and as her children became of age they, too were baptized.
Bettie’s home was the office for the North Carolina District at the time Ben Rich was Mission President. It was here she and her children met many missionaries as they would come and go. Elder Charles A. Callis was one of them. Because she opened her home to the missionaries, she was criticized by people of the community and some of the school board members questioned the suitability of her home for the school teachers who had boarded there for many years. A good friend on the board refused to let them withdraw her home from the recommended list.
The family attended meetings in what was then called and is now fondly remember by some, the Meadow Meetinghouse. It still stands at the edge of Johnston County. It was here the North Carolina District Conferences were held and as many as forty and fifty missionaries met and were accommodated by the people in and around the community. Tithing receipts issued to Bettie and her family show Bethel Branch, North Carolina District.
Because of the death of her husband two months before the birth of her youngest child, Bettie was left with a family of seven to provide for. One year after Thomas’ death, her oldest son, Rovert, left for Utah with Elder Lewis Swensen, the missionary, who had baptized her. By renting part of the land, with the help of her children, and be living quite simply she was able to support her family quite comfortably. They raised most of their food and canned fruits and jellies and preserves in their season. Cotton was their money crop. It was Ralph, another son, who later “pioneered” in tobacco raising.
Bettie was about five feet and four inches tall; she had dark brown hair and blue eyes. She was noted for her even temper and kept her troubles to herself.
Bettie was crippled with arthritis and was on crutches for three or four years. She had pneumonia which cleared up but left her heart so weak she was not able to recover from it. She died in the home she came to as a bride.
Ellen (Eleanor) Clark, Baptized June 20th by Wilford Woodruff at Froomes Hill.
Ellen, Eleonor Clark (Bryan), daughter of Thomas Henry Clark and Charlotte Gailey, born Jan. 21, 1828, Bishops Froome, Herefordshire, England. Married George Woodward Bryan on May 12, 1850. “They settled in E.T.Cityabout 1854, then went to CacheCountywith the Maughan family, when the grasshoppers devastated the land in E.T. They returned however, and settled at RoseSprings(Erda). They accepted the responsibility of raising a small child, Joseph Thomas Parkinson, born July 23, 1868at Grantsville. He was the son of Charles Graham Parkinson and Hannah Clark, Eleanor’s sister. Joseph’s mother had died leaving a family of small children including the baby Joseph. Mr. Parkinson kept the other children but left the care of Joseph to his aunt and uncle. A few months later Eleanor herself passed away December 21, 1869, at the age of forty-one years. George W. Bryan later married Margaret Simpson who raised Joseph”.
Eleonor Clark and George Woodward Bryan had no children of their own.
There’s an old Joke in the LDS church that when the Church authorities are looking for a Bishop they find the most righteous, most capable person in the Ward and they call her husband. This fits perfectly Charlotte Gailey Clark, wife of Thomas Henry Clark first bishop of Grantsville, Charlotte was bornJan 27 1803, in Much Cowarne,Herefordshire,England. Thomas Henry Clark and Charlotte Gailey were marriedNov 28, 1825in Bishops Froome, HerefordshireEngland. First child John William Clark was born thereJan 12, 1826. Charlotte Gailey was one of the very first of the group of about 600 people baptized by Wilford Woodruff.
The following timeline shows her place in these significant historical events.
March 1, 1840Wilford Woodruff’s birthday (33 years old)
March 3-4 1840Wilford Woodruff travels by coach and foot to Herefordshire
March 21, 1840Thomas Kington and his wife are baptized by Wilford Woodruff.
Mar 24, 1840,Charlotte’s brother John Gailey was baptized (also baptized is Ann Graves (Greaves) John Gaileys future wife).
Mar 30,1840,Charlotte’s husband Thomas Henry Clark was baptized.
April 29 1840, Thomas Clark ordained a priest. (WW 189)
June 20, 1840, Charlotte’s first three children, eldest son John William (baptized by his father Thomas Henry Clark and confirmed by Elder Wilford Woodruff) and daughters Eleonor and Eliza Clark were baptized on this day.
June 21, 1840. Her husband Thomas Henry Clark is ordained an Elder at the hands of Wilford Woodruff and Willard Richards.
Charlotte Gailey Clark’s faithfulness in being the first to accept the gospel and the example and legacy she set for her immediate family and numerous posterity is un-measurable in this life. She continues to be a support and shows much faithfulness even through tumultuous times.
Charlotte Gailey Clark’s faithfulness is evident in promises to her in a Patriarchal Blessing given in Nauvoo “A blessing by John Smith, Patriarch (uncle to the Prophet Joseph Smith)
…”[&] a lawful heir to the priesthood with all its powers in common with thy companion, thou shalt have faith to heal the sick by the laying on of hands, in thine house, and also in other places when there is no Elder present;…thou shalt have a numerous posterity and their names shall be written with the sons of the mighty…thy name shall be had in honorable remembrance to all generations…”
Charlotte Clark’s death is mentioned along with her daughter Hannah, in the journal of Mary Ann Weston Maughan, “The grasshoppers are very thick. They have destroyed a part of our crops in Cache Valley; our wheat is all gone that is up. Many Brethren’s crops are eaten as soon as they come up. The Black Measels are very bad in Tooele. In Grantsville they buried 30 in 4 months, Sister Clark and her daughter Hannah Parkinson being in the number. She left a child 8 or 9 months old”.
 From Wilford Woodruff’s journal it say’s he baptized 6 persons: John and Jane Benbow, Ann Bourne, Mary Rowberry, Charles Price, & John Cheese (both preachers of the United Brethren) British Mission History, Church Historian’s Office.
 Times and Seasons “Truth Will Prevail”City of NauvooIllinois,March 1, 1841. Volume 2, Number 9 [Whole No. 21 Theological. (Original) Elder Woodruff’s Letter, (concluded)] www.centerplace.org/history/ts/v2n09.htn
 Wilford Woodruff lists 7 persons he baptized on March 8, Joseph & Margaret Pullin, James Hill & John Parry (both preachers of the United Brethren), Jane Gailey, (Charlotte Clark’s younger sister) John Wm Benbow & Charlotte Clark. British Mission History, Church Historian’s Office. (March 8 is the date Wilford Woodruff records as the “constable story” see next chapter.)
Compiled and written by David M. Smith (3rd great grandson)
In searching for the right words to describe Thomas Henry Clark many came to mind. He was a great leader, a tough resilient pioneer, dedicated Bishop, zealous missionary and devoted family man. He was a man of many paradoxes, a noted athlete but a humble servant of God, he helped settle and defend a tough Indian territory but became highly respected and loved by the Native Americans, he experienced incredible hardship and tragedy both personally and with those he had stewardship over, yet he maintained a positive outlook and remained faithful in his beliefs and even showed, at times, a sense of humor.
He lived during an extraordinary time and in some historically significant places. He was a contemporary of and associated with many of the great early leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day-Saints. Even though he hadn’t kept a journal or diary (that we know of) he did record an unusual but awesome source, an account book he faithfully recorded while serving as the first Bishop of Grantsville.
His early life had many similarities to the Prophet Joseph Smith’s. They were the same age, both were born in 1805. Both were athletically inclined. Neither one was satisfied with the conflicting Christian religions of their early days, though both tended to originally prefer the Methodists. Whether Thomas Henry met and conversed with the Prophet Joseph is unknown for sure, my inclination is that he did, for instance when the Clark’s lived in Nauvoo, Thomas Henry and his son John worked on the Nauvoo Mansion (Nauvoo House) for employment. Thomas Henry’s son John, 15 years old at the time “remembers seeing the prophet Joseph and also of hearing his voice. The impressions he gained greatly strengthened his testimony.”
“As a young man he (Thomas Henry Clark) identified himself with the religious society known as the United Brethren over which Thomas Kington presided, and to whom Br. Clark was next in authority; he was among the first of Elder Kington’s flock who yielded obedience to the everlasting gospel as brought them by Elder Wilford Woodruff by whom he was baptized early in 1840 (Mar 30), he was ordained a Priest at the time of his confirmation and was ordained an Elder June 21, 1840, under the hands of Willard Richards and Wilford Woodruff.”
Thomas Henry’s own family, wife Charlotte Gailey Clark, their nine children, and their many grand children all have remarkable life stories as well.
Thomas Henry Clark’s life was a legacy to his many, many progenitors but if you had to simplify his life in one paragraph it would have to be a verse he wrote in his own writing on a single page in his account book: September 2, 1857:
“That’s my mind and motto
T. H. Clark Sep 2
- Work and earn, what you eat
Do not Lie, Steal or Cheat
Keep your heart free from Sin
- are you Right? Do not turn
Are you Rich? Do not hoard
have your health? Praise the Lord
- are you poor? Work and trust
are you proud? you are but dust
Are you Wrong? Live and Learn
- Every Day Look within
Every Day of the Seven
Let your prayers arise to Heaven’
Thomas Henry’s Roots:
Thomas Henry Clark was born May 7, 1805in Acton Beauchamp, Worcestershire, England. His 7TH Great Grandfather Walter Probert, “High Sheriff”, was born in Pantglas, Monmouth Wales, and died in 1558; Walter Proberts mother Joyce Herbert was the grand-daughter of William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke. T.H.C.‘s Grandmother Rebecca Carwardine descended (5th great-grandfather) from Walter Carwardine, Mayor of Herefordshire. T.H.C. is a descendant from old royal lines including Syssilt ap Difnwall and Ynr King of Gwent (11th and early 12th centuries).
His mother was SarahPlain, who died when Thomas Henry was about six years old, his father Thomas Probert (Clark) used the surname Clarkonly during his first marriage, (to Sarah) all his vital records were accompanied by his title (Clerk-of Holy Orders Probert). “After Sarah’s death in 1811, it was convenient for Thomas (Probert) to marry his cousin Anne Carwardine in 1813 and continue to have his little boy of a previous marriage cared for with many advantages. Young Thomas (there was no Henry in his baptism information) was well educated.”
There are several references to Thomas Henry having been a noted athlete in his youth, “a boxer with no mean ability” but my personal favorite reference to this fact was found in a wedding announcement of his grand-daughter Annie Clark in her marriage to Eugene Truman Woolley. It states; “The grandfather of Mrs. Woolley was bishop of Grantsville….In his younger days he was a noted athlete and boxer and was reputed to be able to take good care of himself in any kind of company.”
There are references to Thomas Henry having been a Wesleyan Methodist minister or that he was “traveling through his neighborhood preaching the Methodist religion until 1840”. During this time he “had withdrawn from fellowship with this sect and had joined with many other seekers after truth in a religious organization known as the United Brethren…was also a minister of this new organization whose chief purpose was to search for truth and light.”
The Clarks immigration info:
Date of Departure: Feb 1841 Port of Departure: Bristol,England
LDS Immigrants: 181 Church Leader: Thomas Clark
Date of Arrival: Apr 1841 Port of Arrival: Quebec,Quebec
Source(s): CA, p.159; AF (various families); research notes compiled by Jay Burrup
Notes: “EMIGRATION….We understand that another ship company was to sail fromBristol, about the same time. These would be from Herefordshire and the surrounding country….”
<MS,1:10(Feb 1841), p. 263>
“FIFTH COMPANY.— 181 souls. About the same time as the Sheffield sailed from Liverpool (February, 1841), another company of Saints from Herefordshire and the surrounding country sailed fromBristol, but I have been unable to learn the name of the ship, or the number of emigrants going on it. However, basing my calculation on Apostle Parley P. Pratt’s statement to the effect that one thousand people had emigrated up to April, 1841, we have grounds for believing that about one hundred and eighty-one souls sailed fromBristolon that occasion.”
<Cont.12:12(Oct. 1891), p.443>
Whether or not theClarks“Caroline” voyage left in February is possible but doubtful. Wilford Woodruff’s journal say’s “March 22, 1841, 137 members at Froomes Hill – Thomas Clark in Charge” Most histories giveApril 6, 1841as their departure date.
TheClarksshow up (except the younger children) in the Nauvoo Census.
SURNAME GIVEN NAME REF ORIGIN PAGE
CLARKTHOMAS LDS 2ND WARD 021
CLARK CHARLOTTE LDS 2ND WARD 021
CLARKJHON (JOHN) LDS 2ND WARD 021
CLARKELENOR LDS 2ND WARD 021
CLARKELIZA ANN LDS 2ND WARD 021
Thomas Henry and Charlotte Gailey Clark had 9 children, 2 young girls, seven year old Sarah and three year old Ann died in Nauvoo, 2 girls were born in Nauvoo so 7 children married and had many children. Their posterity numbered in the thousands in the 1950’s and would obviously be even more numerous today.
“At the time of the Exodus from Nauvoo, the Clarkfamily were forced to go. Mob leaders gave them 16 hours to get out of Nauvoo under penalty of lashing the father, Thomas Henry, 30 lashes with a whip by each man present. The family took with them what few possessions they could on so short notice. They were poorly prepared for the long journey ahead. A friend (non Mormon) allowed them to remain in his cornfield for the night, then helped them across the Mississippi River, where they joined other saints and soon arrived in Winter Quarters”.
The exact time the Clark’s left Nauvoo and traveled to winter quarters is unknown for sure but we have clues that may help in figuring out about when they left, and where they went. We do know that they left Nauvoo sometime after February 7, 1846, John William Clark’s biography say’s “At the time of the exodus from Nauvoo his father was threatened by mob leaders and with others of the saints they crossed the Mississippiand took their journey into the wilderness. They had been given only sixteen hours to prepare to leave their home and so they were not prepared for the long journey ahead. This added greatly to the hardships of the trip”. Another account say’s this: “After the Prophet Joseph Smith was slain some leaders of a mob came and notified Great Grandfather Clark (Thomas Henry) to be out of his home and out of the County within twenty-four hours or he would be ridden out on a rail and his house burned. Great Grandfather became angry and stubborn and declared he would not stir a step, but would stay and fight it out. Great Grandmother (Charlotte Gailey Clark) knew there would be trouble if they did not leave so through her pleadings and his own calmer judgement, the family left their home…” Charlotte Gailey said “We left a large portion of our possessions in Nauvoo.”
We don’t know a lot about theClarksjourney to Winter Quarters but I did find this:
In a Reminiscence of Elizabeth Terry Kirby Heward I found this to be very interesting. “On June 25th we overtook Thomas Clark and family; this was the first time we ever saw them. We traveled with them to the bluffs. On the 25th we got to Mount Posgah (Pisgah). I gave Bro. Clark two sovereigns, which is nearly ten dollars, for a cow; cattle were cheap then. On June 30th we started again on our journey. July 4th we met Bros. Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards, who were going back to Pisgah to get volunteers to go to California in the United States Army to fight the Spaniards”.
In John William Clark’s biography: “Shortly after the Clark family arrived in Winter Quarters, John’s father was called on a mission to Missouri. This was in 1846 and one year later he was called to go to England. The responsibility for the care of the family now rested wholly upon John who was twenty one years of age. His father was in Englandfor two years and during that time John worked on a ferry which crossed the Missouri Riverand also at a lumber camp nearby. In 1849 the family moved to FlorenceNebraska, (across the river) where they were later joined by the father who had just returned to Americaas the captain of a party of English saints”.
“Thursday, February 4, 1847-Winter Quarters, Nebraska: In the evening, Wilford Woodruff called his company together and organized it according to the pattern given in the revelation received by Brigham Young. Abraham O. Smoot was appointed captain of hundreds. Zera Pulsipher was named captain of fifties. The captains of tens included: John Benbow, Elijah F. Sheets, Chaucy W. Porter, John M. Wooley, Thomas Clark, David Evans, Robert C. Petty, and Andrew J. Stewart.
A wedding was held. Charles F. Decker and Vilate Young were married. Vilate was the seventeen-year-old daughter of Brigham Young.”
While Thomas Henry Clark’s family remained at Winter Quarters “he was called on a mission to travel among the branches of the Church in Iowaand Missouri, and on his return from that mission he was called to Europe, which he filled honorably and returned in the fall of 1849, bringing with him a company of immigrating Saints”. Another account states “When the great Mormon migration started west, the Clark family was eager and anxious to go. Just then a call from Brigham Young came to Great Grandfather to go on several missions. One was to go to several of the states and the other to England. He immediately gave up the idea of going west and went on the missions… He left his family camped on the banks of the Missouri River at Council Bluffs”. Another history states “Brigham Young called him to go to England to preach the gospel on July 17, 1848. He labored in England and baptized a large group of saints”.
In England there are several people that were listed as he having baptized:
Michal Jordan, (male) birth 1782, Baptism Date: Dec 9, 1848Officiator Thomas H.Clark.(comments:Michal attended the Cheltenham, England Conference).
Elizabeth Reves (female), Baptism Date: October 6, 1848Officiator Thomas Clark.(comments:Elizabethattended the Cheltenham, England Conference)
Eliza Trapp (female) birth 1821, Baptism Date: November 13, 1848Officiator Thomas H.Clark.(comments: Eliza attended the Cheltenham, England Conference)
The British Mission at this time “continued with great success following the short mission of Parley P. Pratt , Orson Hyde, and John Taylor in 1846-47. Thereafter, Orson Spencer and then Orson Pratt directed the mission. Thousands of converts entered the church between 1847 and 1850. Elder Pratt also supervised the emigration of over three thousand people to Kanesville, Iowa, in the first use of the PEF (Perpetual Emigration Fund) in England”.
From the “Millennial Star” conference minutes written by Orson Pratt, President, G.D. Watt and T. D. Brown Clerks, “Resolved, that Thomas Clark-being a High Priest from America, and laboring in Cheltenham with Elder John Johnstone, who is about to emigrate to America, in January, 1849 – go and preside over the Cheltenham Conference.”
From “The Millennial Star editorial page, November 1, 1848, “Arrival – James W. Cummings, one of the presidents of the seventh quorum of seventies, has just arrived from the Bluffs. He is appointed to preside over the Cheltenhamconference, and our beloved and faithful brother Thomas H. Clark will act as his counselor. Brother Cummings, being a faithful, persevering, energetic man of God, is recommended to the Saints in that conference; and they are requested to uphold him, and also Brother Clark, by their faith and prayers. We desire Brother Cummings and the Saints generally to use every exertion to spread the gospel in new places. We anticipate a great work in that region.”
Throughout the following days written in the Millennial Star are “Lists of Monies Received from the 8th to the 25th of November”, and many dates after where T. H. Clark is mentioned each time giving money in pounds that was probably collected selling Book of Mormons and other tracts.
We learn that returning from his mission in 1849 Thomas H. Clark returned on the ship James Pennell with 236 Saints.
Ship: 51 tons: 137’x30’x15’
Built: 1848 by Charles S. Pennell atBrunswick,Maine
The square-rigger James Pennell carried two Mormon emigrant companies fromEngland toAmerica. The first voyage began at Liverpool on2 September 1849 under the command of Captain James Fullerton ofPortland,Maine, a part-owner of the vessel. The ship accommodated 236 Saints led by Elder Thomas H. Clark. He organized the emigrants into ten divisions with a president over each. These presidents were responsible for good order and cleanliness of their passengers…
In the Mormon Immigration Index – A Compilation of General Voyage Notes – it says:
Ship: James Pennell
Date of Departure: 2 Sep 1849
LDS Immigrants: 236
Church leader: Thomas H. Clark
Date of Arrival:22 Oct 1849
PortofArrival: New Orleans,Louisiana
Sources: BMR Book #1043, pp. 20-55 (FHL #025,690): Customs #388 (FHL #200,162)
Notes: “The Ship James Pennell sailed from this port for New Orleans on the morning of the 2nd of September, carrying 236 souls of the Latter-day saints….”<MS, 11:18 (Sep. 15, 1849),p.284>
“FORTY-THIRD COMPANY. –James Pennell, 236 Saints. The ship James Pennell sailed from Liverpoolfor New Orleanson the morning of September 2nd, 1849, carrying two hundred and thirty-six souls of Latter-day Saints, under the presidency of Thomas H. Clark…who in a letter dated New Orleans, October 22, 1849, gives the following account of the voyage:’…The company arrived in New Orleans on the twenty-second of October, where the emigrants were received by Elder Thomas McKenzie, who had succeeded Elder Scovil as church emigration agent at New Orleans: he rented a number of houses for some of the emigrants who stopped temporarily in that city; the majority of the Saints continued the journey up the river. (Millennial star, Vol. XI, pages 284, 363.)”
<Cont., 13:6(Apr. 1895), pp.278>
“Sun. 2. [Sep. 1849]—The ship James Pennell sailed from Liverpool, England, with 236 saints, under the direction of Thomas H. Clark, bound for G.[Great] S.[Salt] L.[Lake] Valley. It arrived at New OrleansOct. 22nd.” <CC, p.38>
A letter and more details can be read in “The History of Thomas Henry Clark” by the Author.
After arriving in Winter Quarters and operating a Ferry for a few years:
From: The Legacy of Charlotte Gailey Clark. “The whole family set about the task of preparing for the journey to the Rocky Mountains. My husband and John William operated a ferry at Ferrysville, Iowa. We sold the operation on Jul 11, 1852 to get funds and we began the long trip westward”. Thomas Henry Clark “went to Florence Nebraska where he joined his family. They started across the plains in 1852 and Thomas H. Clark was captain of the company. Cholera broke out among them and many died. He was stricken but because of great faith, he recovered”.
From: The History of John William Clark. “In the later spring of the year 1852 they leftFlorencefor the journey across the plains. They arrived atSalt Lake Cityon October 10, 1852 The Journey across the plains was uneventful except that an epidemic of the plague broke out in the camp and many died. John’s father, the captain of the company, took the disease, but due to his great faith, recovered”.
The name of the “Pioneer company” theClark’s came with and other details are still elusive, however this was found:
Emigration of 1852 – 4th Company
#22 T. Clark, son (Sen.) (4 adults, 4 children, 1 wagon, 2 cows, 2 yoke of oxen)
#28 Wm Clark (5 adults, 1 able man, 1 horse, 2 cows, 2 sheep)
#89 (see Deseret News of Sep 18,1852– arrived 3rd of October 1852)
14th Company John B. Walker, Captain, (Thomas McKenzie wife & 3 children).
(Chester Southworth, wife and 4 children fromupper Canada).
The Thomas Henry Clark family arrived in Salt Lake City October 10, 1852 from their long trek across the plains where most histories have them going directly to Grantsville (which was called Willow Creek but had been referred to as Grantsville as early as March 1852). I’m sure it’s no coincidence that when Elders Woodruff and Benson were needing some tough able families to be sent to a troublesome spot like Grantsville, the Thomas Henry Clark Family were sent by these inspired men for a divine purpose. Edward W. Tullidge, the historian, writes
“Thomas H. Clark was appointed the first Bishop, second presiding Elder, of Grantsville in the autumn of 1852. He died Oct. 14, 1873, having been Bishop (Presiding Elder) over twenty years, with the exception of six years, from 1858 to 1864, in which William G. Young acted in that capacity. He led a practical, useful life and left the world better for his having lived in it, and passed away lamented by his people.”
There are so many details of his life that can be read in “The History of Thomas Henry Clark” by this author.
About Thomas Henry Clark this was written…”When the long tiresome trip was at an end, Great Grandfather (Thomas Henry Clark) reported to Pres. Young who said ‘do not stop in SaltLake. Go west to preside over the Saints at a town known as Grantsville’. He presided there the rest of his life, about 20 years. He was much loved and known to all as ‘Daddy Clark’. On his dying bed when his voice had sunk to a faint whisper he bore a powerful testimony to the truthfulness of the Gospel, saying he knew that his Redeemer lived for he had seen Him”.
Thomas Henry Clark had indeed “Left this World aBetter Place.”
 Thomas Henry Clark Account Book, 1857-1871, MSS 496 (Special Collections and Manuscripts, Harold B. Lee Library,BrighamYoungUniversity,Provo,Utah84602)
 There are some histories that show Thomas Henry Clark bornMay 7, 1806 (Christened 31 May 1806) but that would put him even closer in age to Joseph Smith Jr. who was bornDec 23, 1805.
 Joseph Smith and the Restoration, A history of the LDS Church to 1846, Ivan J. Barrett, Ch. 3 p. 45.
 Biography of Thomas Henry Clark (Clark News, Aug 1955 #27), (“The Nauvoo Mansion” and “The Nauvoo House” were separate buildings, The Clarks most likely worked on the Nauvoo House)
 Biography of John William Clark (Clark News, July 1958 vol. 2 #4)
 Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, Vol 1 p.196 (Biography, written by John William Clark)
 Thomas Henry Clark Account Book, 1857-1871, MSS 496 (Special Collections and Manuscripts, Harold B. Lee Library,BrighamYoungUniversity,Provo,Utah84602)
 The Office of High Sheriff is at least 1,000 years old having its roots in Saxon times before the Norman Conquest. It is the oldest continuous secular Office under the Crown. Originally the Office held many of the powers now vested in Lord Lieutenants, High Court Judges, Magistrates, Local Authorities, Coroners and even the Inland Revenue. (The Association of High Sheriffs of England & Wales (The Shrievalty Association)
 Lineage prepared by Pamela Smith Werner,7 Leisurewood Dr.MaumelleArkansas,72113USA
 See Appendex B for a genealogical story about Ann Carwardine and Thomas Probert.
 Probert, Plain and Clark,April 25, 1984 (Letter to Jay and Gwen Wrathall from Charlotte Elizabeth Rowberry wife of James Leishman Wrathall)
Utah Since State: Historical and Biographical, Volume II.
Clark News, Biography of Thomas Henry Clark, Aug 1955 #27.
Clark News, Biography of John William Clark, July 1958 vol. 2 no. 4.
* John Gailey’s history says he was born inHerefordshire Suffolk,England.
 Clark News Vol 2 #7, May 1960, History of Mary Ann Clark Anderson, written by Janet Hale Anderson and Helen Ann Smith Orr
Clark News, Biography of John William Clark, July 1958 vol. 2 no. 4.
 Probert, Plain and Clark,April 25, 1984 (Letter to Jay and Gwen Wrathall from Charlotte Elizabeth Rowberry wife of James Leishman Wrathall)
 Legacy of Charlotte Gailey Clark, Pg. 9.
 Reminiscences of Elizabeth Terry Kirby Heward, pages187-188 “In Their Own Words: Women and the Story of Nauvoo” Carol Cornwall Madsen, Deseret Book Company Salt Lake City, Utah Excerpt taken from “A sketch of the Life of Elizabeth Terry Heward”, typescript copy, LDS Church Archives. It is also published in a family history, “Parshall Terry Family History,” Typescript, compiled by Mr. and Mrs. Terry Lund (Salt Lake City, 1956, 1963), 66-78.
 Saints Find the Place-a day-by-day Pioneer Experience, David R. Crockett, LDS Gems Pioneer Trek Series, vol. 3 Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake Valley, LDS Gems Press Tucson, Arizona, 1997.
 Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, Vol 1 p.196 (Biography, written by John William Clark)
 Probert, Plain and Clark,April 25, 1984 (Letter to Jay and Gwen Wrathall from Charlotte Elizabeth Rowberry wife of James Leishman Wrathall)
 Legacy of Charlotte Gailey Clark, quoting the Clark News, June 1969.
 Early Membership Series, Susan Easton Black
 Church History In The Fullness Of Times Religion 341-43, 1989 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Educational System. Pg. 349.
 “The Millennial Star” Vol. 10, pg. 254
 “The Millennial Star” Vol. 10, pg. 331
 History ofTooeleCounty, by the Tooele County Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City-1961-pg 438
 Tooele Stake History p. 163-164
 Probert, Plain and Clark,April 25, 1984 (Letter to Jay and Gwen Wrathall from Charlotte Elizabeth Rowberry wife of James Leishman Wrathall)
Eleanor was born 3 January, 1771 in the parish of Woolhope, about eight miles south of Marden, Herefordshire England. On 07 Feb 1793, at the age of 22, Eleanor married John Balis (Baley). On 13 Jul 1794, she gave birth to a daughter, Mary, who lived 22 months and died. Sadness followed Eleanor. On 18 Dec 1796 her husband was buried. After some healing in her heart, Eleanor and William Lewis Gailey were married on 22 May 1797. Their yearnings to understand religion and the purpose of life must have caused a burning in their hearts. They, along with their son, John and daughters Charlotte and Jane, baptized Presbyterians, investigated and joined the Primitive Methodist Church. They soon became disenchanted, for its teachings did not satisfy their search for the eternal truths they sought. They later joined the United Brethren Church, hoping that there, they could find the path to eternal life. William Lewis died on 08 Aug 1837 leaving Eleanor widowed once more, when she was 66 years of age. His death occurred three years prior to the time the Mormon missionary Wilford Woodruff appeared on the scene at the Benbow Farm in Castle Frome, Herfordshire.
Eleanor and her son, John and daughters Charlotte (Clark) and Jane, heard of and inquired about the preaching and teaching of one Wilford Woodruff, a missionary representing a new church in America. Eleanor heard the Apostle’s preaching and was baptized. With her son, John, she sailed to America, landing in New Orleans. From there they steamed up the Mississippi River to Nauvoo. She lived for a short time near the city of Nauvoo, no doubt witnessing the testimony, leadership style and the magnetic personality of the Prophet Joseph Smith. She likely attended conferences in the shady groves along the banks of the Mississippi River where he taught the people the principles of the restored gospel. She may have watched with eagerness, the construction of the Nauvoo Temple and thrilled as the Nauvoo Legion passed in parade for review before the Prophet General.
After landing in Nauvoo there is no further record of Eleanor except that of her patriarchal blessing. She died sometime before the mass exodus to the West. Presumably she died prior to September 1845, perhaps in Camp Creek and may have been buried there. Her name, however, is not found in the Camp Creek Branch membership records of this period. Camp Creek was an LDS community east of Nauvoo. Membership records of Eleanor’s son John and his wife, Ann Graves, are found in that community following their arrival in Nauvoo.
She received the following patriarchal blessing from Patriarch John Smith, uncle to the Prophet Joseph Smith:
Sister Eleanor and mother in Israel, I lay my hands upon your head in the name of Jesus Christ and seal upon thee a father’s blessing, for thou are a daughter of Abraham and thou hast a right to a blessing under my hands as a patriarch, because thou hast obeyed the gospel in thine days and left thy native land at the commandment of the Lord to gain an inheritance among the Saints. The Lord is well pleased and will grant the desire of thy heart. Thou shalt be sustained with the fruits of the earth in abundance for thy comfort. Thou shalt find friends whose thy lot is cast, thy children shall delight to make thee comfortable and happy and thou shalt have power to redeem thy dead friends and thy family and companion and thou shalt be made to rejoice because of thy living friends. Obey the truth. Thy posterity shall become very prosperous and very honorable and thy name shall be held in honorable remembrance because of this through all the generations of Jacob. Thy greatest blessing is held in reserve for the hereafter, thou shalt live to a good old age and enter the grave as a shock of corn fully ripe to come up in the morning of the first resurrection with all thy father’s house. Thy fears be not faithless but believing in the Lord which I have spoken shall not fail even so. Amen.
They were the parents of seven children.
William Lewis and Eleanor Harris Gailey’s children were:
18 Mar 1798
27 Jan 1803
18 Aug 1805(died at age 18)
22 May 1808
14 Apr 1811
19 Nov 1813
MODIFIED REGISTER FOR HANNAH GAILEY DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM LEWIS GAILEY
[kaeh @ comcast. net]
1. William Lewis GAILEY or Galey was born about 1775 probably in Hereford,
England. He married Eleanor HARRIS on 22 May 1797 in Much Cowarne, Hereford, England.
They had the following children:
2 F i. Elizabeth GAILEY was born on 12 Jun 1800 in Much Cowarne,
Hereford, England. She died before 1811 probably in Much Cowarne, Hereford, England.
3 F ii. Charlotte GAILEY was born on 27 Jan 1803 in Much Cowarne,
4 M iii. William GAILEY was born on 18 Aug 1805 in Much Cowarne,
5 F iv. Hannah GAILEY was born about 1812. She died on 24 Apr 1858.
6 F v. Elizabeth GAILEY was born on 14 Apr 1811 in Much Cowrne,
7 M vi. John GAILEY was born on 09 Jan 1814 in Much Cowarne, Hereford,
England. , John married Ann GREAVES on 03 Apr 1854 in Bedlam Green, Hereford,
England. Ann was born about 1816 probably in Much Cowarne, Hereford, England. She died
on 03 Aug 1851 in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was buried in Kaysville, Davis, Utah.
8 M vii. George Ward GAILEY was born in 1815 in Much Cowarne, Hereford,
9 F viii. Jane GAILEY was born on 01 Feb 1818 in Much Cowarne,
Hereford, England. Jane married William EVANS on 13 Apr 1841 in Bedlam Green,
Hertford, , England. William was born about 1813 probably in Hertford, England.
5. Hannah GAILEY (William Lewis) was born about 1812 probably in Much
Cowarne, Hereford, England. She was christened on 22 May 1808 in Much Cowarne, Hereford,
England. She died on 24 Apr 1858 in Payson, Utah County, Utah. She was buried on 25 Apr
1858 in Payson.
Jones, George, 1843, NA, Yorkshire, Ship roster on microfilm(s) 200151 – spouse?
Jones, Hannah, 1843, NA, Yorkshire, Ship roster on microfilm(s) 200151 – self
Jones, Henry, 1843, NA, Yorkshire, Ship roster on microfilm(s) 200151 – son
17 Feb 2008 Descendants of William Lewis GAILEY or Galey Page 2
Gailly, Eleanor, 1843, NA, Yorkshire, Ship roster on microfilm(s) 200151 – mother
Gailly, John, 1843, NA, Yorkshire, Ship roster on microfilm(s) 200151 – brother
In the fall of 1857 President James Buchanan ordered several thousand Troops to the Utah
Territory to challenge an alleged Mormon rebellion and to install a new governor. In retaliation,
Brigham Young recalled settlers from outlying communities. Men from Payson joined other
Mormon men in Echo Canyon to harass Buchanan’s army that was cold and hungry in the
mountains. The conflict was settled peacefully and in June of 1858, the army built Camp Floyd,
40 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. The year of 1858 would be remembered as the “move
south” when Brigham Young emptied Salt Lake City and many people of the Salt Lake area
were relocated. At this time, Jacob Hatch and his son William moved to Salem, Utah County,
Utah and moved in with Jacob’s son, Lewis and his wife. Jacob was at the time either divorced
or separated from Hannah Gailey Jones Hatch. Hannah had two sons from a prior marriage
whose names were Henry and John Jones. Henry was a grown man. John was a boy about
sixteen years old. In addition Hannah had custody of Ellen Hannah Hatch, daughter of Jacob
and Hannah about five years old. The four of them relocated in Payson, a short distance from
According to Bishop Franklin Young, “sometime in May, 1858, Hannah and her two sons laid a
plot to steal some horses and run them off to the soldier’s camp; but before they had time to
execute this nefarious plot, they were detected.” Bishop Young further wrote that, “this
circumstance so enraged some of the people that they determined to punish them in a very
summary manner. They accordingly surrounded the house or dugout inhabited by this family
and called on Henry to come out and deliver himself up. This he would not do and he kept close
for sometime, but at length came out and began shooting in the direction from which the voice
which had hailed him came, but it being in the night and extremely dark, none of his shots took
effect. He then tried to make his escape by running, but was overtaken at the corner of the
Pondtown [Salem] fields and killed. On returning to the town, the people shot the old woman
and tore the dugout in which she lived down upon her and thus it became her grave. A few days
after the younger son was missing and has not been seen or heard from since.”
In the fall of 1858 some of the residents of Payson, dissatisfied with Bishop Hancock, petitioned
President Young to remove him, but the petition was not, at that time granted.
Other sources tell the following. Hannah’s son, Henry, had enraged the citizens of Payson and he
felt he needed to get out of town because his life was in danger. In May of 1858 Henry
convinced his younger brother and some other boys in town to help him steal some horses he
could sell to the army in order to get enough money to leave Payson. His brother and friends got
caught and were held overnight, thus saving the life of John Jones.
Hancock and a couple of other unidentified men when into the dugout where Hannah and her
children lived. She was confronted about the whereabouts of her sons. While they were talking
Henry made and escape from the back of the dugout and started running towards Salem. By
now, Hannah was alone with little Ellen and began pleading for the safety of her boys. Suddenly
a shot rang out and hit Hannah. The men ran out of the dugout and left Hannah where she fell
and ignored Ellen. They were in pursuit of Henry. A neighbor came by the dugout a short while
17 Feb 2008 Descendants of William Lewis GAILEY or Galey Page 3
after the shooting and picked up Ellen who was trying to wake her mother. He took Ellen to her
father in Salem and told him what was happening in Payson. Jacob kept Ellen and raised her
with the assistance of his son, Lewis. Jacob and Ellen eventually moved to Payson where Jacob
lived out the rest of his life. The day after the shootings a funeral of sorts was held for Hannah
and Henry at the the dugout. After a short service, the supports from the dugout were pulled
down and the dugout collapsed around Hannah and Henry. They were left there without further
fanfare. Hannah’s youngest son disappeared sometime during the night.
Charles Brent Hancock, his brother George W. Hancock, and others were brought before Judge
Eccles, Nephi, UT in 1858. Twelve of them were indicted regarding the shooting of “the Jones
Woman.” Nothing further was done until 1889 when six men were called to the Fifth District
Court in Provo by Judge Blackburn. George W. Hancock, Charles B. Hancock, Alvin Crockett,
William H. McClellan, George Patton and Price/Brice Nelson were put in jail in Provo in
November 1889 and were there about four months. George Hancock was convicted of murder in
January, 1890. He appealed the conviction and the conviction was overturned on a procedural
technicality and a new trial was ordered. A second trial date was never set and a trail was never
set for the shooting of Henry Jones.
Brigham Young sent Franklin Young to be President and Bishop of Payson on the fist of
September 1859, to replace Bishop Hancock.
Hannah married (1) John JONES on 09 Jul 1833 in Much Cowarne,, Hereford, England.
Nothing more is known about the marriage. They had the following children:
10 M i. Henry JONES was christened on 25 Jun 1834 in Much Cowarne,
Hereford, England. He died on 25 Apr 1858 in Payson,
11 M ii. John JONES was born in 1844/1847 probably in Winter Quarters,
Douglas, , Nebraska.
Hannah married (2) Jacob HATCH son of John HATCH and Elizabeth WALDEN “Betsy”
about 1848 in Kanesville, Pottawattamie, Iowa. The marriage ended in a probable divorce.
Hannah filed for divorce on 15 Aug 1855 in Salt Lake City, Utah. There is no record a decree
was entered, but Hannah and Jacob were not living together in when Hannah moved to Payson.
Jacob was born about 22 Apr 1786 probably in Massachusetts or New York. He died on 08 Jan
1876 in Salem. He was buried in Payson City Cem. Payson. Jacob and Hannah had one child.
+ 12 F iii. Ellen Hannah HATCH was born on 01 Feb 1853. She died on
12 Jan 1891.
12. Ellen Hannah HATCH (Hannah GAILEY, William Lewis) was born on 01 Feb
1853 in Salt Lake City, Utah. She died on 12 Jan 1891 in Salem. She was buried in Payson City
17 Feb 2008 Descendants of William Lewis GAILEY or Galey Page 4
Source: Micro Fiche B0108 Hereford, England and MO642, Utah, IGI 1984.
Notes: Buried Payson Cemetery in a plot under the name ELLEN HATCH, block 21, lot 27,
record 771, the lot is in name of Geo M. Brown and was purchased by Jones. All other graves in
the block are “Jones.” Oldest member in the lot is James M. (Millar) Jones. What is his
connection to Hannah? Could he be brother to her mother’s first husband? James immigrated to
Utah: Jones, James Miller, 1850, 33, NA, Roster found in Heart Throbs of the West, Volume 11,
Pages 396-455. The unmarked Jones grave is the child of Timothy Jones.
Ellen married George Washington Hazleton BROWN son of William Dearborn BROWN and
Harriet Frances HATCH on 01 May 1870 in Salt Lake City, Utah. George was born on 06 Jul
1850 in Smyrna, Ionia, Michigan. He died on 01 Apr 1919 in Rigby, Jefferson Co. Idaho. He
was buried on 03 Apr 1919 in Rigby. Harriet was the daughter of Jacob Hatch’s brother,
William. George and Ellen had the following children:
13F i. Ellen Frances BROWN was born on 17 Apr 1871 in Payson. She died in
Aug 1871 in Payson.
14F ii. Hannah Theressa BROWN was born on 01 May 1873 in Salem. Hannah
married Alma Willard DAVIS son of Robert Houston DAVIS and Sarah Bob DURFEY on 13
May 1891 in Salem. Alma was born on 16 Jun 1868 in Salem. He died on 14 Jun 1929 in Utah.
He was buried in Salem City Cem.
15F iii. Harriet Eliza BROWN (Hattie) was born on 27 Sep 1875 in Payson. She
died on 16 Mar 1948. Harriet married George Sidney KILLIAN on 26 Dec 1893 probably in
16F iv. Pauletta B. BROWN was born on 18 Sep 1877 in Payson. She died on 17
Mar 1879 in Payson.
17F v. Sarah Laurinda BROWN was born in Jan 1880 in Payson or Santaquin,
Utah. The 1880 Census of Santaquin gives birth as Jan 1880. Sarah married (1) Charles
Thomas DANIELS on 13 Jun 1896 in Salem. Charles was born about 1874 probably in
Payson. Sarah married (2) Julius JOHANNASON. Julius was born about 1875 probably in
18M vi. George William BROWN was born on 24 Oct 1881 in Salem. George
married Clara Jane WOOLSEY on 05 May 1903 in Blackfoot, Bingham County, Idaho. Clara
was born on 10 Sep 1886 in Leamington, Millard County, Utah. She died on 18 Dec 1966 in
Bingham County, Idaho.
19F vii.Nellie Rosina BROWN was born on 19 Aug 1883 in Salem. She died in May
1908. Nellie married Chancey Albert BASSETT on 01 Dec 1903 probably in Utah. Chancey
was born on 23 Dec 1875 in Providence, Cache County, Utah.
17 Feb 2008 Descendants of William Lewis GAILEY or Galey Page 5
20M viii. Edwin Jacob BROWN was born on 22 Oct 1885 in Salem. He died on
06 May 1956. Edwin married Edith ROSS on 26 Nov 1907 in Poplar, Bonneville County,
Idaho. Edith was born on 09 Jul 1892 in Sevier County, Utah. She died on 10 Oct 1962 in
21M ix. James LeRoy BROWN was born on 04 Dec 1887 in Salem. He died on
03 Sep 1951. James married Ella CLIFFORD on 25 Jun 1913 probably in Utah. Ella was
born about 1891 probably in Salem.
22M x. John Clarance BROWN was born on 09 Oct 1889 in Salem. He died on
17 Feb 1891. He was buried in Payson City Cem.
Carter, Kate (compiler), Heart Throbs of the West – 12 Volumes (Daughters of the Utah
Pioneers, Salt Lake City, 1939-1951 ), Vol 10, “Pioneers of 1849”, Family History Library,
35 N. West Temple, Salt Lake City, UT 84150, USA, www.familysearch.org, 979.2 H2cah.
Early Settlement of Payson City, Utah Territory, written in 1860 by Franklin W. Young, Payson
L.D.S. Ward Records, pages 23-28.
Haskell, Ivan, Experiences of Payson Pioneers, Vol 2 p 81-82.
History of Charles B. Hancock, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, Manuscript
International Genealogical Index (IGI), (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Salt Lake
City, UT), Family History Library, 35 N. West Temple, Salt Lake City, UT 84150.
Miscellaneous LDS Ward Records: (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Salt Lake City,
UT), History Library, 35 N. West Temple, Salt Lake City, UT 84150.
Sexton’s Records – Payson City Cemetery (Payson, Utah).
Sextons’ and other Records, Utah Burials Database, Utah State Archives.
Salt Lake County Civil & Criminal Case Files (1852-1887) and (1852-1887), series 373. State of
Utah, Utah State Archives,
U. S. Federal Census Records.
Utah Digital Newspapers), Daily Enquirer, March, 1890, University of Utah, Salt Lake City,
Utah, 2001, 2003, 2006.
Utah Valley Regional Family History Center, Utah County Cemetery Index. Ancestry.com.
Utah State Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics and Health Statistics, SLC, UT, Utah
Death Index, 1905-1951 (Ancestry.com, Provo, UT (2003)), Generations Network, 360 W
4800 N, Provo, Utah.
November 19, 1813 – March 31, 1887
The following was mostly taken from John Gailey’s own diary.
I, John Gailey, the son of William and Eleanor Harris Gailey, was born November 19, 1814, in Herefordshire, Suffolk, England. When I was young I was deeply concerned about Eternity and the coming of the SON OF GOD, but I told no one about it for some time. Later on some preachers visited us calling themselves Primitive Methodists, holding forth Salvation through Christ by Faith alone. I attended their preaching for some time, at last joined their Church as a member. Some soon separated themselves from them and formed themselves into another sect calling themselves UNITED BRETHREN, soon I left the first and joined the latter, as a local preacher.
I was to preach on Sundays, which I continued to do one year and ten months. Thomas Kington, who was then our leader, desired me to give myself wholly to the ministry, which I did. This was in January 1836. I continued to preach amongst them until 1840, when it pleased God to send Elder Wilford Woodruff to Castle Trower [sic; this is most likely in reference to Castle Frome (map), found in Herefordshire] with the fullness of the Gospel as revealed to Joseph Smith; John Benbow a wealthy land owner living in Herefordshire, gave elder Woodford the privilege of preaching in his home which contained a large hall. The entire congregation of United Brethren, about 600 members was converted and baptized. (for further information on this event, see: historical vignette of Elder Woodruff’s account of his mission in England).
It was was on March 24th 1840 that I was baptized and confirmed a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and on the same evening after my confirmation and ordination I accompanied Elder Woodruff to his appointment to preach. From this time on I continued to preach and his appointment to preach and baptize.
On May 18th which was five months later, I was ordained a Priest and thus with authority I began to preach the Gospel and on June 21st, I baptized three for the remission of their sins. I continued to fill the office of a Priest preaching and baptizing until September 21st when I was ordained an Elder at the conference at Stanley Hill [map]. After this I began to visit the churches and strengthen them in the faith. On September 27th I preached at Cradley [map] and baptized one. The same day at Froom [sic, this is most likely Frome (map)] I baptized Ann Bull, also confirmed her a member of the church in the New and Everlasting Covenant. The next day I returned home.
On October 11th, I visited the Church at Duns Clofs [sic] and Browerutt [sic] and baptized Richard Johnson, William Johnson, Mary Johnson, Elinor Smith, Hannah Spilsbury, George Spilsbury, Henry Carbert. I laid my hands on them and prayed that they might received the Holy Ghost. After this I visited Bro. Barnes in the Forest of Dean [parish map; current map] in the County of Gloucester. This was the first mission I went on with the fullness of the Gospel. I arrived there on October 19th where I found Bro. James Barnes in the house of Elizah Clifford, who received me gladly. I preached the same night at James Phelps. Then next morning he was baptized. I then baptized George Voyce, Prudence Phelps, Hannah Voyce, Mary Phelps and Jane Phelps. The next Thursday we laid our hands on them.
Thus we continued preaching and teaching the things of the Kingdom of God. After a while I returned to see my friends in Herefordshire, where I had seen them and rejoiced with them in the Lord. I went with Bro. Phillips, a Priest who had agreed to go with me to preach the Gospel of Christ; so on the morrow we set out on our mission. We visited several of the Churches and preached to them on our way to the forest. On November 15th I preached three times and baptized Comfort Broughter and Maria Davies. The next day I baptized John Rich and confirmed three and laid hands on them that they might received the Holy Ghost. Then we resumed our journey. The next day we arrived at the forest. There we preached the Gospel of Jesus Christ at Hazel Hill [map] to a small branch of the Church; but behold they were a stiff necked people. We had to use great plainness and to exercise much patience continually.
I baptized William Tingle and confirmed him, after this I had some opposition from the Wesleyans. I later visited the conference at Stanley Hill, Herefordshire and then I went to assist Elder Smith in a part of Worcestershire. We organized the church at Hurde Common; we ordained two Priests and one teacher. This was about April 1841. After I had preached the Gospel in any villages around about, I returned and visited some of the churches in different parts of Worcestershire and Herefordshire, then returned to the forest and spoke the word of God to as many as would come to hear.
About July 4th, I was assisted by Martin Littlewood, (who was an Elder) to preach to the people in the open air, one at (Little Deans Hill [sic, correct spelling is Littledean Hill [map]) and at Little Dean [sic, correct spelling is Littledean (map)]. in some the word had place and came forward and were obedient to the truth. I baptized three of them shortly afterwards which were Samuel Lewis and wife and James Tingle. We also confirmed them by the laying on of hands and prayer in the name of Jesus Christ.
The next Monday Bro. Mofo and I went to a tea meeting at Greenway Hill. A large number of people were present. Many of them Elders so it was considered a good time to speak to them the word of God to testify to them the truth of the work which the Lord was doing in their midst. After this had been done Elder William Key was ordained a High Priest. The next night we held a fellowship meeting in which many of the Elders and Priests were present. The meeting was opened by singing: Prayer was offered by Bro. Needham. Elder Theodore Curtis gave some very needful and interesting instructions also made some prophesies which I cannot just remember. The spirit of God rested upon us mightily, many spoke in tongues and others prophesied while others bore testimonies that they knew the truth of God’s word.
The next morning many came and were blessed under the hands of the Elders before they parted. The same day we raised up our voices to the people of Rofs [sic, could be Ross] to repent of their sins, but very few were willing to listen to the word. As we were leaving the village one of them hit me on the shoulder with an egg, and many followed us to the end of town, some crying one thing while others cried something else
On July 28th, I preached in Deerhurst [map] to a small branch of the Church and lodged at the home of Thomas Smith. On July 29, 1841, I named and blessed George Margrett, son of William and Susannah Margrett, then I went to Redmarley where I found Bro. George Brimby sick of a fever; Elder Thomas Oakey and I laid our hands on him and prayed that God would have mercy upon him and heal him.
On August 1st, after the congregation had voted unanimously I ordained William Tingle to office of Priest. The next Tuesday I went to Gloucester to see a number of the Saints who were going to leave England for America. (For behold it was our faith that God had chosen that land for his people to gather together on, in the last days), therefore, the Saints are going to Babylon as fast as their circumstances ill permit. I remained with them and assisted them with their luggage into a warehouse where we spent the night and held a council to arrange matters for the journey, in order that all would be comfortable for them.
[The] next day things were conveyed to the Basin and put in a boat. I accompanied them down the canal about 14 miles where the ship was which they were to sail. We slept on board that night, the next two days I assisted them in making preparations for their journey. On Saturday morning I sailed about two miles with them, then gave them the parting hand and returned back to the Forest.
On August 8th I administered the Sacrament to the Saints at Little Deans Woodside, and organized that branch of the church, also appointed William Tingle priest to have care over them, also to assist Elizah [editor’s note: spelled Rlizah in the text] Clifford at Edge Hills [map]. The next Monday I attended a council meeting at Remarly; the Saints met there for singing and prayer. Some told of things the Lord had made known to them in way of dreams, other had the spirit of prophecy rest upon them, thus our faith and testimonies did increase. After this meeting I returned to the Forest. Here I baptized James Tingle and confirmed him. I also baptized Samuel Astins and James Mountjou.
From here I went to Herefordshire to a Tea Party, at Colwall [map]. About Oct. 6, 1841 again we witnessed the power of God in testimonies. One man a Bro. Williams said that before a year had passed Malvery Hill should tremble. On Oct. 11th 1841, Bro. Key and I went to a tea party at Frogamarch and after many of the Elders had spoken the word of the Lord to the people Satan entered into a young woman; she cried out, and Bro. Key rebuked him [and] in the name of the Lord commanded him to come out of her and enter no more in her, and so it was.
After this I addressed them in the name of the Lord exhorting them to be faithful and prepare for the coming of the Lord which is near at hand. After his I visited a number of the churches thereabout. I came to the U.S.A. sometime about 1842 to 1844. My wife, a wonderful woman, came with me. We went to Nauvoo and remained there until driven out by the mob. Here in Nauvoo we shared with others in the persecutions and mob violence, and did what we could to help build up God’s Kingdom.
It was here that my wife Ann Greaves Gailey and I received our Patriarchal Blessings under the hands of John Smith. We received our endowments in the Nauvoo Temple February 7, 1846, and were sealed by Heber C. Kimball. In 1846 we were forced along with other to leaved Nauvoo to face the hazards of the blistering plains, and came west. I aided other emigrants on this great trek and came to this our blooming and fragrant desert.
(NOTE: the balance of this specific history is biographical, penned by others)
Somewhere in Pottowotamie County, Iowa, twin babies were born to John and his wife, but both of the babies died. From here they proceeded to Salt Lake City, arriving in the fall of 1848. They made their home on the south west corner of 7th South and Main Streets. Two daughters were born to them here, Sarah Jane and Elizabeth, and when the latter was three weeks old the mother died. This was in 1851. Sometime later John married a widow, Mary Mills Hudson, who had come from England with her three children, George, Rosa and Thomas Hudson. She made a wonderful mother to all. The family moved to Kaysville in 1854, where he spent the rest of his life as a farmer.
It seems when John Gailey first came to Kaysville [map] he made his home with Bro. John S. Smith until he could locate a place of his own and in a short time located on the place now known in the year 1943 as the William E. Gailey home. On this place he first lived in a dug out made first by the Indians. In 1857, he commenced building an adobe house. It is known as the first adobe house in Kaysville. Instead of using nails, as now, he used wooden pegs, which served very well, for a roof he used dirt. This house served really well until 1877 when he finished or added more rooms on, brick and adobe. The brick being hauled from Bountiful.
To finish his home he had the blacksmith Mr. Alfred Allred [sic, most likely Alfred Alder] make him some nails, the first nails to ever be made in Kaysville, which cost $5.00 per pound. Some of these nails are now owned and kept by his children and grand children which were taken from the home in later years when the old place as undergoing remodeling. Also there were found two children’s shoes which were still in good shape. The soles had bee put on with tiny wooden tacks, which had all been made by hand. These too are being kept with reverence.
John Gailey was a great man for council and leadership. He used his head to make improvements of things of which they were the first of such to be used; such as a fly trap, barrels, washing machine, etc. And it was at this time when he aided materially in building a toll bridge near his home to aid people to get onto the main highway, across a deep hollow, as it was too steep a climb to get on to the road otherwise, and was many times very swampy. He made the bridge out of logs, putting the poles upright under close enough together so that when the water was high the brush and leaves, etc. would gather and in due time filled up the great hollow place at this crossing.
But while this was taking place, people had to pay a small fee of ten cents to cross over the bridge. Many did not want to pay toll so would try to go below the bridge. Of course, they would get stuck with their load, and then would pay him to pull them out. this would cost them more. Thus the Toll Bridge was paid for. John Gailey had two oxen he kept on the place just for such. He had many a smile about those who weren’t going to pay toll.
He bought and planted some of the first alfalfa seed in the state of Utah which Bishop Christopher Layton brought from California. He paid 30 bushels of wheat for 30 pounds of alfalfa seed. He also planted the first Hollyhocks of which he had many beautiful colors. These he had for his colony of bees.
He had one of the best kept homes in Kaysville, with many fruit trees, grasses lawns, roses and all kinds of flowers, bees in the orchard. He was a man that had great ability for leadership among those with whom he associated with, throughout all his known history.
He was given positions of leadership where council was needed. He was stray Pond Keeper for many years and when people couldn’t pay with money; he would take meat, flour and anything they wished to give on the bill. He was a member of the first County School Board. He held the office of Judge for many years, which position he held in a very dignified manner. He was very firm, steady, stern and very positive. Seldom did he loose his tongue in vague talk. He had very pleasant manners. He performed the majority of the civil marriages in this section of the country, and gave everyone good council and advice before he would dismiss them. He was a record keeping man; kept books on all his private affairs, business as well as church affairs. had a wonderful way of doing things and everyone knew just where he stood with them. He was a good penman and to this day (1943) his writing is just as readable as it was in 1840. His build was one of rugged features, rather high cheek bones, blue eyes, a heavy mustache and beard. It seems he had an even temper, yet when he spoke it must have been law to those about him, and yet he gained the esteem and respect of all. For little folks he had great love, and enjoyed their friendship and jovial association, and enjoyed joining with them in games, songs and stories.
Many stories could be told of what he did. Some of which are: One cold winter when the snow was very deep, a Band of Indians camped on his ground and he had to feed them for several months, as the snow was too deep for hunting. That winter he had to kill most of his livestock. The hides were always made good use of. The children tied their feet up in pieces of cow hide as they had no shoes until they were nearly grown.
He had four wives to which he was very devoted; the first being Ann Greaves to whom was born four children, the first two being twins died in Nauvoo, and then Sarah Jane and Elizabeth. The second was Mary Mills Hudson, to whom was born John Gailey. She was a widow; who had come from England with three children, George, Rosa, and Thomas Hudson; the third was Elizabath [sic] Treganna Henwood and their children were Edwin, Heber, David, Willard and Ernest. The fourth wife was Ann Noble. No children were borne to him by her.
For past time and during his leisure in declining years, while still active as Judge, he spent considerable time at the old Blacksmith shop owned by Alfred Alder. The shop stood near the home of J. J. Bowman. The two were very good friends and had many interesting talks in common together.
John Gailey died March 31st 1887 at the age of 73 years.
John Gailey: personal recollections of his grand-children
Grandfather Gailey died while we were still small, buy many of us have a vivid recollection of him and loved to be with him. He always seemed to be so very large and kindly. We well remember how he used to put us on his shoulder and carry us out to the apple trees so that we could reach and pick the big apples from the trees in his orchard on the old farm in Kaysville. Also used to sit on the back porch and watch him take the honey from the hives and later he would give us pieces of honey in the comb to eat.
Also remember sitting on his knee in the evenings and eating popcorn, apples and molasses candy whiles the boys, Uncle Heber, Will, Ernest, John, Dave and the others would sing songs and play checkers. Grandfather would join in all of it. Sometimes he would play Old Maid or Smut, and always got a big laugh when he would win and have a chance to smut our faces and to ride with him in his closed carriage lined with red and drawn by a pair of tan colored mules was a real treat.
Now we, the descendents of this wonderful leader and Father; feel thankful to him for the heritage he has left us. May we live up to the standards left us by him. through the sufferings, the trials and tribulations he went through; May we never forget,…The spirit he enjoyed — may we inherit.
The following history, entitled, “John Gailey“, was found in privately published history of Henry Herriman Hintze distributed in July 2005 at a Henry Hintze family reunion held in Copperton, Utah, which history was extracted from histories written by Drucilla Sears Howard and Heber J. Sears.
John Gailey, son of William and Eleanor Gailey, was born November 19, 1814 in Herefordshire, England. As a young man he was very much concerned about eternity and the coming of the Son of God, but told no one about it for some time. Later, when some preachers came calling themselves Primitive Methodists [Wikipedia entry] and holding forth salvation through Christ by faith alone, he finally joined them and became a member of their church.
A short time later some of them separated from the rest of the group and formed another sect, calling themselves United Brethren. John joined with this splinter group as a local preacher. He preached on Sundays for more than a year when the leader, Thomas Kington, asked him to devote all his time to the ministry, which he did. This was in 1836.
In the year 1840, Elder Wilford Woodruff visited this section of England and preached to the United Brethren the fullness of the Gospel as revealed in these latter days, and baptized all of them (about 600). On the 24th of March 1840, John Gailey was baptized and confirmed a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and was later ordained a priest. On the same evening, after his baptism, he accompanied Elder Woodruff to his appointment to preach. From this time on he continued to preach the Gospel and to baptize. In his diary he tells of twenty-six people who were converted and baptized by him.
He also writes of many wonderful blessing and manifestations of Divine Power which he witnessed. However, his writing ends before he left England and what follows has been put together by his descendants.
It is not known just when he left England, but it was probably sometime in the early 1840’s. At any rate, he was with the saints when they were driven from Nauvoo, Illinois, and came with his wife, Ann Greaves, to Salt Lake valley, arriving here about the year 1848.
In May 1849, their first child, Sarah Jane Gailey, was born. Two years later another daughter, Elizabeth, was born. When this younger child was three weeks old, the mother died.
Some time later, John married a widow, Mary Mills Hudson, who had come from England with her three children, George, Rosa, and Thomas Hudson. The family resided in Salt Lake City until about the year 1854, when they moved to Kaysville, Davis County, Utah where John spent the remainder of his life on a farm.
He endured all of the hardships incident to pioneer life and at one time fed a large number of Indians, who pitched their tents on his farm and remained there all winter. Food was so scare that without his help, the Indians could not have survived the winter.
He was a thoroughly trustworthy and up-right man, who was known for his kindness and gentleness. His children and grandchildren (who were fortunate enough to remember him) loved to be with him and to partake of his kindly spirit.
His faith in the gospel never wavered and he remained true and faithful to all of its teachings. He died March 31, 1887, at the age of 73 years.
Gailey, John (Male)
Birth: Gailey, John (Male) Date: November 17, 1814 Place: Herefordshire, ENG Alternate Date: November 19, 1814
Parents: Gailey, John (Male) Father: Gailey, William Mother: Harris, Eleanor
Death: Gailey, John (Male) Date: March 31, 1887 Place: Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
Marriage Information: Gailey, John (Male) Spouse: Graves, Ann Alternate Spouse: Greaves, Ann Date: June 27, 1843 Place: Nauvoo, Hancock, IL, USA
Children: Gailey, John (Male)
Name: Birthdate: Place:
- Gailey, (twin) Iowa
- Gailey, (twin) Iowa
- Gailey, Sarah Jane May 22, 1849 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
- Gailey, Elizabeth Ann September 4, 1853 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage Number 2 Gailey, John (Male) Spouse: Mills, Mary Alternate Spouse: Miln, Mary Date: 1852 Place: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage 2 Children:
Name: Birthdate: Place:
- Gailey, John William September 4, 1853 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage Number 3 Gailey, John (Male) Spouse: Henwood, Elizabeth Treganne Date: August 25, 1858 Place: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage 3 Children:
Name: Birthdate: Place:
- Gailey, Edwin May 21, 1860 Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
- Gailey, David February 26, 1862 Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
- Gailey, Heber Charles December 19, 1863 Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
- Gailey, Willard May 15, 1867 Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
- Gailey, Ernest September 15, 1869 Kaysville, Davis, UT, USA
John Gailey settled in Kaysville, Utah in 1854.His sister Charlotte Gailey Clark and his brother-in-law Thomas Henry Clark settled in Grantsville, Utah. This was said about John Gailey. “He was a record-keeping man; kept books on all his private affairs, business as well as church affairs. He had a wonderful way of doing things and everyone knew just where he stood with them. He was a good penman and to this day (1943) his writing is just as readable as it was in 1840. His build was one of rugged features, rather high cheek bones, blue eyes, a heavy mustache and beard. It seems he had an even temper, yet when he spoke it must have been law to those about him, yet he gained the esteem and respect of all. For little folks he had great love, and enjoyed their friendship and jovial association, and enjoyed joining them in games, songs and stories”.
In the Historical Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints there is a Reminiscence and Diary [circa 1840-1841] of John Gailey.
A Guide to Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies describes it this way: “Sketchy retrospective of early life, 1814-40. Born, 1814. Early interest in religion. Joined Primitive Methodists. Joined United Brethren. Fulltime preacher, 1836-40. Converted to Mormonism by Elder Woodruff. Activities as missionary, 1840-41. Although several specific dates are given, this does not seem to be a diary. Ordained priest. Ordained elder. Spiritual manifestations in meetings. (‘The power of god rested upon us mightily, and some began to speak in tongues and some to interpret, and some to prophecy: and many testified that they knew the work was of God.’) Harassed and ridiculed. Helped group of emigrants to get on their way. Lists of baptisms. Some pages missing.”
John was the sixth of seven children born to William Lewis Gailey and Eleanor Harris. He was born in Much Cowarne Parish of Herfordshire, England. He was christened in the Presbyterian Church on 09 Jan 1814. He spent his younger years working as a farm laborer and early in his adult life became a tenant farmer. His early associations in the Presbyterian Church caused him to ponder and question the lack of reasonable explanations about his eternal destiny, by his minister. He investigated avenues where he might find answers to his questions. In his own words he said: When I was young, I was deeply concerned about eternity and the coming of the Son of God, but I told no one about it for some time. Later on, some preachers visited us, calling themselves Primitive Methodists, holding forth salvation through Christ by faith alone. I attended their preaching for some time, at last joined their church as a member. Some members soon separated themselves from the church and formed themselves into another sect, calling themselves ‘United Brethren’. Soon I left the first and joined a latter as a local preacher. I preached on Sundays, which I continued to do one year and ten months. Thomas Kington, who was then our leader, desired me to give myself wholly to the ministry, which I did. This was in January, 1836.
John was about 23 years old at the time, not married, and was still living with or at least very close to his parents, for they too were involved in seeking the true religion simultaneously. He continued to preach for his new church according to a schedule that was established for him and other lay preachers by a committee of ten, including John Benbow, a wealthy farmer. John Benbow would later invite the Mormon missionary Wilford Woodruff to preach in his home. John Gailey was approaching 27 years of age and was generally happy with his profession of preaching the gospel for the United Brethren. In another setting some 60 to 70 miles north of Herfordshire, the Mormon Apostle Wilford Woodruff was soon to make an impact on John’s life that would culminate his search for the eternal truths he had long sought…
John’s journal speaks of the same time period and of the same events. He stated that he was baptized 24 Mar 1840, the same day quoted from Wilford Woodruff’s Journal. Quoting John Gailey about that day he said:
I continued to preach amongst them [United Brethren] until 1840, when it pleased God to send Wilford Woodruff to Castle Trower with the fullness of the gospel as revealed by Joseph Smith. John Benbow was a wealthy land owner living in Herfordshire, he gave Elder Woodruff the privilege of preaching in his home which contained a large hall. The entire congregation of United Brethren, about 600 members were converted and baptized. It was on 24 March 1840, that I was baptized and confirmed a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and on the same evening after my confirmation and ordination, I accompanied Elder Woodruff to preach at his appointments. From this time on I continued to preach and baptize. On May 18, which was five months later, I was ordained a Priest and thus with authority I began to preach the gospel and on June 21st, I baptized three for the remission of their sins. I continued to fill the office of a Priest preaching and baptizing until September 21st when I was ordained an Elder at the conference at Stanley Hill
John continued to serve as a full time missionary under the supervision of Wilford Woodruff for almost a year. Thereafter, he served as a missionary, doing both missionary work and aiding members in preparation to leave the shores of Great Britain to immigrate to the Land of Zion in America. His history continues:
After this I began to visit the churches and strengthen them in the faith. On September 11th I preached at Cradley and baptized one. The same day at Froom, I baptized Ann Bull, also confirmed her a member of the church in the New and Everlasting Covenant. The next day I returned home.
On October 11th, I visited the Church at Duns Clofs and Browerutt and baptized Richard Johnson, William Johnson, Mary Johnson, Elinor Smith, Hannah , George Spillsbury, and Henry Carbert. I laid my hands on them and prayed that they might receive the Holy Ghost. After this I visited Brother Barnes in the Forest of Dean in the County of Gloucester. This is the first mission I went on with the fullness of the gospel. I arrived there on October 19th where I found brother James Barnes in the house of Elizah Clifford, who received me gladly. I preached the same night at James Phelps. The next morning he was baptized. I then baptized George Voyce, Prudence Phelps, Hannah Voyce, Mary Phelps and Jane Phelps. The next Thursday we laid our hands on them. Thus we continued preaching and teaching the things of the Kingdom of God. After a while I returned to see my friends in Herfordshire where I rejoiced with them in the Lord. I went with brother Phillips a Priest who had agreed to go with me to preach the gospel of the church and preached to them on our way to the Forest. On November 15, I preached three times and baptized Comfort Broughter and Meria Davies. The next day I baptized John Rich and confirmed three and laid hands on them that they receive the Holy Ghost. Then we resumed our journey.
The next day we arrived at the forest. There we preached the Gospel of Jesus Christ at Hazel Hill to a small branch of the church, but behold they were a stiff-necked people. I had to use great plainness and to exercise much patience continually. I baptized William Tingle and confirmed him. Afterward I had some opposition from the Weslyans. I later visited the conference at Stanley Hill, Herfordshire and then I went to assist Elder Smith in a part of Worcestershire. We organized the church at Hurde Common; we ordained two priests and one teacher. This was in about April 1841. After I had preached the Gospel in many villages round and about, I returned and visited some of the churches in different parts of Worcestershire and Herfordshire, then returned to the forest and spoke the word of God to as many as would come to hear.
About July 4th, I was assisted by Martin Littlewood, who was an Elder, to preach to the people in the open air, one at Little Dean’s Hill and at Little Dean. In some the word had place and came forward and they were obedient to the truth. I baptized three of them shortly afterwards which were Samuel Lewis and wife Jane Tingle. We also confirmed them by laying on of hands and prayer in the name of Jesus Christ. The next day Brother Mofo and I went to a tea meeting at Greenway Hill. A large number of people were present, many of them Elders, so it was considered a good time to speak to them the word of God and to testify to them the truth of the work which God was doing in their midst. After this was done Elder William Key was ordained a High Priest. The next night we held a fellowship meeting in which many of the elders and priests were present. The meeting was opened by singing. A prayer was offered by Brother Needham. Elder Theodore Curtis gave some very needful and interesting instructions and also made some prophesies that I can not just remember. The spirit of God rested upon us mightily. Many spoke in tongues and others prophesied while others bore testimonies that they knew the truth of God’s word. The next morning many came and they were blessed by the hands of the Elders before they parted.
The same day we raised our voices to the people of Rof to repent of their sins, but very few were willing to listen to the word. As we were leaving the village, one of them hit me on the shoulder with an egg, and many followed us to the end of town some cried one thing while others cried something else.
On July 29th 1841, I named and blessed George Margreet, son of William and Susanna Margreet, then I went to Redmarley where I found Brother George Brimby sick with fever. Elder Thomas Oaky and I laid our hands on him and prayed that God would have mercy upon him and heal him. On August 1st, after the congregation had voted unanimously I ordained William Tingly to the office of priest.
The next Tuesday I went to Gloucester to see a number of the Saints who were going to leave England for America (For behold it was our faith that God had chosen that land for his people to gather together on, in the last days). Therefore the Saints were going out of Babylon as fast as their circumstances will permit. I remained with them and assisted them with their luggage into a warehouse where we spent the night and held a council to arrange matters for the journey, in order that all would be comfortable for them. The next day things were conveyed to a Basin and put in [and I] accompanied them down the canal about 14 miles where the ship was, on which they were to sail. We slept on board that night. The next two days I assisted them in making preparation for their journey. On Saturday morning I sailed about two miles with them, then gave them a parting hand and returned back to the Forest.
On August 8th I administered the sacrament to the Saints at Little Dean’s Woodside, and organized that branch of the church, and also appointed William Tingle, Priest, to have care over them, also to assist R. Clifford at Edge Hills. The next Monday I attended a council meeting at Redmarley; the Saints met there for singing and prayer. Some told of things the Lord had made known to them in way of dreams, others had the spirit of prophesy rest down on them, thus our faith and testimonies did increase. After this meeting I returned to the Forest. Here I baptized James Tingle and confirmed him. I also baptized Samuel Astins and James Moutjou.
From here we went to Herfordshire to a Tea Party, at Colwall. About October 6, 1841 again we witnessed the power of God in testimonies. One man, a brother Williams said that before a year had passed Malvery Hill should tremble. October 11, 1841 Brother Key and I went to a tea party at Frogmarch and after many of the Elders had spoken the word of God to the people Satan entered into a young woman; she cried out, and brother Key rebuked him in the name of the Lord and commanded him to come out of her and enter no more in her, and so it was. On one occasion I addressed them in the name of the Lord, exhorting them to be faithful and prepare for the coming of the Lord which is near at hand. After this I visited a number of churches thereabouts. 
John kept a journal of his religious life, beginning with his ministry in the Primitive Methodist Church in 1836, then with the United Brethren Church until March 1840 when he met Wilford Woodruff and was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He was called to be a missionary immediately following his baptism. He kept a detailed journal of his missionary work from that date until 1842. In his journal, he listed the names and dates of the people he baptized during his mission. The number of people he baptized was thirty-nine. Others have mentioned John in their diaries of this period. One John Spiers made the following comments:
May 2nd , myself Brother Gaily and several others had been appointed to represent the Herfordshire conference at a conference conducted by Brother Parley P. Pratt, Elder Lorenzo Snow and quite a number of officers. We started about eleven o’clock P.M. We traveled all night to that place, it being a distance of about twenty miles. We had not alternative but to take it on foot. We reached there at about five o’clock the next morning. The conference met in an orchard, and after the business of the for noon, reported our experiences and labors of the branches over which I presided. We received much instruction, and on the 6th I departed for my field of labor.
John Spiers mentioned John Gailey again in his journal about the time that John Gailey would have been preparing to sail to America. John Gailey must have had some administrative responsibilities for arranging passage for the Saints leaving Liverpool, as is implied in John Spiers’ diary:
In 1842 John was 29 years old, and in none of his entries did he mentioned his family, occupation, or other aspects of life except as it related to his preaching and missionary work. In fact, late in his life as he wrote a brief history, he remembered that he came to America between 1842 and 1844. The first mention of family was made in that statement which was:
It is not known what the relationship between John and Ann Graves (Greaves) was prior to their boarding the ship in Liverpool to sail to America, but they were not married until after they arrived in Nauvoo. Ann was baptized on 24 Mar 1840, the same day that Wilford Woodruff baptized John Gailey. She was one of the 600 members of the United Brethren Church who was baptized on the Benbow Farm. Descendants from Ann have stated that her parents were very angry with John for enticing their “young” daughter to accompany him to America. Ann Graves’ mother was Ann Preese, the daughter of John Preese and Ann Gailey Preese. This would make both John Gailey and Ann Graves grandchildren of Ann Gailey, each having a different grandfather. As mentioned, the relationship between John Gailey and Ann Graves created ill will in the extended family. This may have been the cause. John was courting his half cousin.
Ann was 26 years of age when they left Liverpool. John Gailey, Ann Graves and Eleanor Harris Gailey, John’s mother, were passenger numbers 32, 33 and 34 respectively aboard the ship Yorkshire when they sailed to America. John had listed his occupation as “farmer” and their ages were listed: John 29, Ann 26 and Eleanor 72. The date of passage is blotched and not readable, but they landed in New Orleans, Louisiana on 10 May 1843.
Following are entries which were taken from a journal kept by Andrew Jenson who was also a passenger on the Yorkshire.
The Yorkshire is a splendid new vessel. The emigrants went aboard on the 6th and 7th of March 1843, and sailed from Liverpool. On the 9th, nearly all the passengers were seasick, which lasted for several days, as the winds were very contrary, and several days were spent in the Irish Sea. Once a terrible wave struck the vessel and water ran down the hatchway. April 4th, they caught the trade wind, going south and they rejoiced at having more favorable winds. After that the people began holding meetings, which however, were opposed by non-Mormon passengers on board. At length the heat became oppressive. They passed the West Indies between Cuba and Jamaica.
On May 3rd, early in the morning, the vessel was struck by a terrible squall, breaking off all the upper parts of the mast. All hands were called up and they raised the sails as best they could. This was off Cape Antonio. As soon as the sails were set, there was a good wind. On May 8th they met the pilot boat and were piloted over the Balize to New Orleans. It was a grand sight along the shores of the Mississippi, but Negro slavery disgusted the British. On the 10th they landed at New Orleans, being nine weeks on the voyage. The heat in New Orleans was intense. On the 13th of May the Claybourne [docked] in New Orleans, which had sailed from Liverpool later than the Yorkshire.
At New Orleans the Yorkshire passengers took passage up the Mississippi River on board the steamboat Dove, for Nauvoo, paying $3.50 per adult passenger. They left New Orleans on the 16th of May. Scenery was grand on both sides of the river. They passed Natchez on the 17th, which a short time before had been destroyed by a tornado. On the 28th they landed at St. Louis. On the 29th the captain of the Dove put his passengers on board the Amaranth, and on the 31st at about day break, arrived at Nauvoo.
Richard Rushton was the president of the company on board the Yorkshire, and Thomas Bullock was secretary. John Needham, George Spillsbury, John Gailey and other Elders were on board the Yorkshire.
Joseph Smith the Prophet, made this note in his journal dated 31 May 1843:
The Steamer Amaranth landed at Nauvoo, the Saints who had left Liverpool in the Yorkshire under the care of Elders Thomas Bullock and Richard Rushton, all well; Also some Saints who had left there more recently in the Swanton.
Elders Bullock and Rushton were missionaries who had completed their missions to England and were assigned to supervise and provide leadership to the Saints aboard the Yorkshire. Elder Bullock later kept the journal for the company of the Saints that John and Ann were with as they later crossed the plains.
The time of their arrival was a jubilant time for the Saints in Nauvoo. The Prophet Joseph Smith was enjoying a brief respite from being constantly harassed and his life-blood sought by those who had falsely charged him with all types of lawlessness. He had been cleared from all charges by the courts. Five days prior to the landing of the Amaranth, the Prophet performed the first temple endowments in this dispensation.
At 5 p.m. on Friday May 26, Hyrum, with the Prophet, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Willard Richards, Judge John Adams, Bishop Newell K. Whitney and William Law met in the room of Joseph’s store. The prophet gave them their endowments, and some instructions in the priesthood, and on the new and everlasting covenant.
John and Ann must have enjoyed the loving fellowship with other saints, heard stories of earlier history of the Church, shared testimonies and remembrances of events regarding the tragic mob violence against it in Palmyra, Kirtland and Missouri. Surely, they listened to their revered Prophet bear testimony of the restored gospel in the shady groves where conferences were conducted on the banks of the mighty Mississippi River. No doubt their lives were likewise touched by the ceremonies of the Nauvoo Legion as it paraded in all its finery of uniform and beautiful horses with the Prophet General Joseph, himself, directing military exercises.
John Gailey and Ann Graves were married civilly on 27 Jun 1843 inNauvoo Hancock County,Illinoisby Elder William Jenkins, twenty seven days after their arrival. It is interesting that the anniversary of their first year of marriage would have been celebrated on the day of the martyrdom of the Prophet and his brother Hyrum.
Both John and Ann sought patriarchal blessings from one of the Lord’s anointed, soon after their marriage. They received those blessings through Patriarch John Smith, uncle to the Prophet Joseph Smith:
John by authority vested in me to bless the fatherless and in the name of Jesus of Nazareth, I lay my hands upon thy head and place upon thee a patriarchal or father’s blessing, even all the days of the new and everlasting covenant. Thou art called to be a standing minister in the Church of Jesus Christ. Never the less ‘tis thy business to travel and preach as much as seemeth [thee possible?]. Thou shalt be blessed at home and abroad in thy labors on the land and on the sea. Thou shalt be an instrument in bringing many into the church and establishing them in the land of Joseph where they can be at peace while the scourges are sweeping the earth, thou shalt have an inheritance in the land of Joseph with his sons and daughters. Thou shalt be blessed with numerous posterity that shall be called great among the saints and thy name shall be held in honorable remembrance through all their generations, although thou mayest see thousands fall on thy right and on thy left thou shalt be unhurt, therefor suffer not your faith to fail when trouble cometh upon thee and thou shalt be delivered at all times, and stand on the earth with the Savior in the last days and enjoy all the blessings of his kingdom. This is thy blessing which shall not fail even so- Amen.
John lived a life devoted to his Father in Heaven and indeed as this history so testifies, he is held in honorable remembrance in this generation of his descendants.
who were serving the Church in the Nauvoo Extraction Mission
JOHN and WILLIAM J. KUNZ
Switzerland has made many notable gifts of her intelligent sons skilled in technical knowledge of value, to the building up of the grand civilization which has commenced in even the wildest parts of the Rocky Mountain section of the Great West, and to the yet undeveloped portions of Idaho. To Bingham county she has sent John and William J. Kunz, the subjects of this review, skilled dairymen and practical cheese and butter manufacturers, who are located on Lane’s Creek, less than three miles east of Williamsburg, their present post office address, to perform an excellent part in the work of assisting in the development of the dairy department of the great cattle industry, which has already attained a high degree of importance in this section of Idaho.
William J. Kunz descends from a long line of people who for many generations have been noted for their adherence to cheese and butter making in Switzerland, and was born in Canton Bern, Switzerland, a son of John and Magdalena Straubhaar Kunz, on March 14th, 1865, the father, who was born in 1844, having been thoroughly and scientifically educated in the best methods of building managing and conducting cheese and butter factories. In 1873 he severed the ties binding him to his native land, coming to Bear Lake County, Idaho, where he engaged in dairying, also constructing a factory and for thirty years continued in this business, securing good financial results and giving to his son William J., not only the theoretical knowledge of the processes of manufacture, but also confiding to him the experience gained in his long years of activity in this work.
The Bear Lake factory was prosperously conducted until 1889, when owing to changed conditions, the factory was abandoned, and a new one constructed on Lane’s Creek, retaining the ownership of the Bear Lake county property, however, and acquiring a valuable ranch at the new home. During his American residence the father has passed two years in mission work in Switzerland and Germany and one year in service at Logan temple. The father of John Kunz, also John Kunz, emigrated from Switzerland to America in 1870, coming directly to Bear Lake County, Idaho, where was his permanent home until his death in 1890, at the age of sixty seven years. He married Rosanna Knute who attained more than the Psalmist’s allowance of three score and ten years, dying in 1894, the mother of ten children both herself and husband being consistent members of the Mormon Church.
John Kunz of this review married with Miss Magdalena Straubhaar, a daughter of Peter and Johanna (Eggen) Straubhaar, farmers of Switzerland, where Peter passed his entire life. His widow came to the United States in 1873 and the remaining years of her life were passed in the Bear Lake Valley, where she died at an advanced age. Mrs. Magdalena Kunz was the mother of five children, of whom William J. was the eldest, and her death occurred in 1874, at the age of thirty seven years.
William J. Kunz accompanied his father’s family on the long journey from Bern, Switzerland, to Bear Lake County, Idaho, when he was eight years of age, and remained with the paternal household until he was twenty-three years of age, under the competent instruction and tutelage of his father, acquiring skill in the making of all dairy products thereafter marrying and locating near Ovid, in 1892 moving the family home to Lane’s Creek, in Bingham County, and establishing the dairy and cheese making business as before stated. He is a keen energetic and capable man of affairs, heartily in accord with the Republican party, by whose vote he was elected constable during his residence at Ovid, being the first person to hold that office in that precinct, while in the Mormon church he holds the office of elder.
Both father and son are highly prized citizens, from their active usefulness, industry and moral integrity acquiring and retaining the universal esteem of the community. William J. Kunz and Miss Anna Schmid were married on May 5th, 1887, she being a native of Switzerland and coming to America three years before her parents, Carl and Anna Landert, in 1888, they locating first at Paris and ultimately on Slug Creek in Bannock County, this state where they are engaged in ranching. Mr. W. J. and Mrs. Anna S. Kunz have a family of seven children: Benjamin W., Mabel M., Sylvia M., Sophia O., Anna E., Myrtle, and Willard R.
PROGRESSIVE MEN OF BANNOCK BEAR LAKE BINGHAM FREMONT AND ONEIDA COUNTIES IDAHO – A. W. Bowen
Craven Co. Heritage Bk p. 307
Mulberry Island in Virginia was on the North side of the James River some ten miles below Jamestown. The island embraces about ten square miles of land. The name Mulberry island was in use as early as 1610, being so named before it was settled. It was just off Mulberry Island in June 1610 that Gates encountered Lord Dela Warr with supplies and rinforced for the Colony. It is thought the Island was settled about 1617 or 1618. In 1619 Captain William Pearce patented 650 acres in this quarter. Pierce had been here since 1610. pierce built the first house in Virginia in Jamestown in 1617, but by march 1622 he had built another house and established residence on Bermuda Hundred and even though he planted on Mulberry Island, it is doubtful he ever lived there.
Stephen Smith HIstory
by Nellie Orr (pdf document)
History of Stephen Smith
written by Theron Smith in 1991
My interest in writing a short story about great grandfather Stephen Smith developed while I was deeply involved with finding out whether his temple ordinances had been done. Although I found the ordinances were completed, to my amazement I discovered that only a few sketchy pages about Stephen’s life were ever written.
A preliminary search of my father’s (George Stephen Smith) records revealed the following information – one page written by Rachel Adnerson Smith and about two pages written by Nellie Smith Orr. The only record of his church activities mentioned was joining the Mormon Church in England after listening to the missionaries when he stopped in Logan on his way to Wyoming and had his family sealed in the Logan Temple.
After my personal visit to Cowling, Keighley, Yorkshire, England, I had the good fortune of meeting with a cousin, Jack Smith, who was kind enough to transport me around. As we visited some of the scenes where Stephen lived early in life, the urge to write a history grew even stronger within my bosom.
After finally locating additional information about the life of Stephen Smith and his family, I wish to share it with his offspring.
My Visit to Beautiful Yorkshire